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Rachel A. Itle, Eileen A. Kabelka, and James W. Olmstead

could not be easily classified into distinct groups and this calculation method was therefore not pursued as supported by the distributions of the CIE L*a*b* color values ( Figs. 1 – 9 ). Breeding for increased flesh color in winter squash

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Ross C. Braun, Jack D. Fry, Megan M. Kennelly, Dale J. Bremer, and Jason J. Griffin

, 2004 ). During winter dormancy, a dormant brown color gradually occurs after the first autumn frost, and once spring soil temperatures rise above 50 °F, color slowly returns ( Beard, 1973 ). Buffalograss has a light tan to straw-brown color when dormant

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Antonio Pompeiano, Nicola Grossi, and Marco Volterrani

below 15 °C, followed by termination of shoot growth when below ≈10 °C ( Wei et al., 2008 )—significant differences among species and cultivars are known. Cultural practices have been used to extend the winter color retention of zoysiagrass in late fall

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Ryan N. Contreras, Ron Determann, and Mara Friddle

). Winter browning is highly variable among ornamental cultivars of japanese-cedar. Rouse et al. (2000) described 45 cultivars of japanese-cedar growing in the eastern United States including variability in foliage color during winter from brown to dark

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Rob Kuper

elicited for the same scenes in mid-March resulted in a nonsignificant difference between fall color and snow-covered winter scenes. Summer scene ratings were significantly higher than fall and winter; leafless spring scene ratings were significantly lower

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Ross Braun, Jack Fry, Megan Kennelly, Dale Bremer, and Jason Griffin

option for improving zoysiagrass color during dormancy. The use of turf colorants has become popular on golf course fairways and putting greens in the southern United States to provide green color during winter dormancy ( Long, 2006 ). The turf colorants

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Bekele G. Abeyo, Robert C. Shearman, Roch E. Gaussoin, Leonard A. Wit, Desalegn D. Serba, and Ugur Bilgili

potential for use on fairways in regions where water is limiting ( Shearman et al., 2004 ). Buffalograss performance decreases during winter dormancy as plants lose green color in fall through spring. The extended dormancy period may limit the acceptance of

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Christian M. Baldwin, Haibo Liu, Lambert B. McCarty, Hong Luo, Joe Toler, and Steven H. Long

the transition zone, creeping bentgrass is desirable as a result of year-round green color, ball roll, and overall playability. However, this turfgrass presents many challenges throughout summer as well as winter seasons. During summer months

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Paul M. Lyrene

areas where no winter freezes occur or, where only light freezes occur, under plastic tunnels. Evergreen production gives off-season fruit, which ripens from late fall through early spring depending on the environment. The southern highbush cultivars

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Ryan N. Contreras, John M. Ruter, James S. Owen Jr., and Andy Hoegh

identify an early predictor of winter foliage color (resistance to leaf browning) in japanese-cedar as a screening tool for identifying superior selections. Specifically, we assessed if quantitating pigments such as total chlorophyll ( C a + b ), ratio of