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Lenny Wells

percentage of edible kernel was calculated by dividing the kernel weight for the 50-nut sample by total nut weight. Pruning effects on resistance to wind damage were evaluated by estimating the percentage of storm-damaged trees in each plot 3 d following

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Astrid C. Newenhouse

Plants respond to wind in a manner similar to drought, but, in addition, leaves suffer physical or mechanical damage. Long-term wind stress results in smaller plants, less total leaf area, skewed tree growth because most of the branches grow toward the leeward side, and less yield than plants protected from wind. A simple procedure to simulate abrasion damage to leaves helps growers recognize wind damage to several fruit crops.

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Zai Q. Yang, Yong X. Li, Xiao P. Xue, Chuan R. Huang, and Bo Zhang

,050,000 ha, which accounts for 90% of the total area of horticultural facilities in China. Wind damage is one of the predominant types of meteorological damage to horticultural facilities. Because the structures of single-span plastic greenhouses and solar

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E. Barclay Poling

Analysis—A Case Study,” examines the worth of investing in a wind machine for a vineyard site in the central piedmont of North Carolina, a region of high “continentality” ( Pool, 1997 ) that is generally considered to be more prone to damaging spring frosts

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Monica Ozores-Hampton, K.E. Cushman, F. Roka, and R.D. French-Monar

hurricanes are well documented on a wide variety of crops ( Cleugh et al., 1998 ), especially those of high value or high acreage that are most susceptible to wind damage: forest products ( Everham and Brokaw, 1996 ), fruit and nut crops ( Crane et al., 2001

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Joan R. Davenport, Markus Keller, and Lynn J. Mills

intermittent potential for localized damage during the winter. Because most of the spring and fall injuries are associated with radiant frost events, after site selection, use of wind machines to prevent cold air ponding has been shown to be the most effective

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Fan-Hsuan Yang, David R. Bryla, and R. Troy Peters

temperature on hot, sunny days. Unfortunately, predictions of heat damage based simply on air-temperature measurements are not always accurate because there are other environmental factors, such as light intensity and wind, that affect the temperature of the

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Huan Zhang, Carol Miles, Shuresh Ghimire, Chris Benedict, Inga Zasada, Hang Liu, and Lisa DeVetter

along the raised bed sides. From Oct. 2017 to Mar. 2018, 100 wind events with speeds of more than 36 km·h −1 [ Washington State University (WSU) AgWeatherNet, 2019 ] enlarged and worsened the initial mulch damage caused by mechanical cultivation. As a

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Ockert P.J. Stander, Jade North, Jan M. Van Niekerk, Tertia Van Wyk, Claire Love, and Martin J. Gilbert

evaluations were performed at the time of commercial harvest in July 2018 for the same fruit that were used for fruit quality evaluations. Fruit were examined for sunburn damage, light or severe wind damage, and any evidence of pest damage or chemical burn

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Gregory A. Lang

cracking during the ripening period, protection from spring frosts, rain-disseminated diseases, and fruit damage from wind or pests [e.g., insects, birds, deer (e.g., Odocoileus spp.)] also would be of interest. Additionally, the potential exists to