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This review describes the differences in weed management that must be addressed when plastic culture is added to the production cycle. Three specific areas are addressed: weed management under plastic mulch, weed management between plastic mulch, and weed management under row covers.

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Union, 2009a ). Sustainable farming management practices are also very important in terms of the cross-compliance direct support mechanism of the Common Agricultural Policy ( European Union, 2009b , 2009c ). Physical weed control in spinach is

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On behalf of the Weed Control and Pest Management Working Group (WCPM) of ASHS, I would like to thank Drs. William W. Kirk (Michigan State University), Andrea B. da Rocha (Santa Catarina State University, Brazil), Milton McGiffen, Jr. (University of

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used for production of processed fruit. Trailing blackberries ripen in midsummer in Oregon and Washington and are usually machine-harvested ( Strik and Finn, 2012 ). Weed management is considered critical for good production in berry crops ( Barney et

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Organic farmers need a diverse toolbox of weed management tactics. Tillage is currently the most common method of weed management in organic systems ( Baker and Mohler, 2015 ), but wet soil conditions, crop growth stage, and overuse can limit its

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competition compared with established or mature vines ( Balerdi, 1972 ). Three weed management methods are generally used by grape growers: herbicide sprays, tillage, and/or cover crops. The majority of weed management in vineyards is focused within the vine

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( Goldburg, 1992 ). Thus, research has been conducted with the goal of developing alternative integrated weed management techniques in potato and other vegetable cropping systems. Such techniques include changes in crop density ( Bussan et al., 2007 ; Conley

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season-long weed control. However, sequential cultivations at regular intervals may provide the foundation for a successful integrated system of weed control in transplanted onion. To date, there has been no research on weed management in organic Vidalia

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Organic weed management of vegetable crops typically includes a combination of crop rotation, tillage, hand weeding, mowing, and mulching with plastic films ( Baker and Mohler, 2015 ; Kasirajan and Ngouajio, 2012 ; Wang et al., 2008 ). However

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, water retention, reduced erosion, and cycling of other nutrients. An additional consideration for organic producers is weed management ( Walz, 1999 ). Organic producers are limited to cultural practices, mulching with fully biodegradable mulches, mowing

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