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Yaguang Luo

have investigated the effects of wash operation design on the quality changes in wash water or the consequences on product quality and safety ( Adams et al., 1989 ). In commercial fresh-cut operations, wash system configurations vary greatly, including

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Dustin P. Meador, Paul R. Fisher, Philip F. Harmon, Natalia A. Peres, Max Teplitski, and Charles L. Guy

that is collected for use in catchment basins (capture-and-reuse) or recirculating (ebb and flood) irrigation systems are characterized by elevated levels of physical, chemical, and biological contaminants that result in lower water quality, compared

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Reagan W. Hejl, Benjamin G. Wherley, James C. Thomas, and Richard H. White

concerning how irrigation water quality may affect the extent of deficit irrigation tolerable by turfgrass. This has become an increasingly important consideration, especially in light of the growing number of maintained turf sites using nonpotable or low-quality

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Donald J. Garrot Jr., Michael W. Kilby, Delmar D. Fangmeier, Stephen H. Husman, and Andrew E. Ralowicz

1 Extension Plant-Water Relations Specialist. 2 Extension Horticulturist. 3 Professor. 4 Maricopa County Extension Field Crops Agent. 5 Research Associate. Research conducted at Continental, Ariz., in cooperation with Farmers Investment Corporation

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Craig E. Kallsen, Blake Sanden, and Mary Lu Arpaia

, 1970 ; Miller and Turnbull, 1948 ). Other citrus researchers have experimented with periodic water deficits during the growing season. Water stress can affect fruit yield and quality. Summer, fall, and season-long water deficits have increased the

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Richard O. Carey, George J. Hochmuth, Christopher J. Martinez, Treavor H. Boyer, Vimala D. Nair, Michael D. Dukes, Gurpal S. Toor, Amy L. Shober, John L. Cisar, Laurie E. Trenholm, and Jerry B. Sartain

used. To critically analyze plant fertilizer needs relative to potential water quality threats, an understanding of nutrient budgets, especially in relation to fertilizer inputs and losses in urban landscapes, is needed. Fertilization mismanagement of

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Yanjun Guo, Terri Starman, and Charles Hall

quality. The sensor-based irrigation system was first developed by Nemali and van Iersal in 2006 to reduce water consumption by maintaining a distinct and constant SMC ( Nemali and van Iersel, 2006 ). Previous research showed 40% SMC to be similar to the

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Kelly T. Morgan, T. Adair Wheaton, Larry R. Parsons, and William S. Castle

result of concerns that nutrient loading from this effluent would reduce lake water quality, Orlando and Orange county, along with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, developed a plan to use the wastewater normally disposed of in Shingle Creek for

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Nicholas J. Flax, Christopher J. Currey, Alexander G. Litvin, James A. Schrader, David Grewell, and William R. Graves

, shoot dry mass (SDM), water use efficiency {WUE = [SDM (g)/volume water applied (L)]}, aesthetic quality ratings of container sidewalls facing toward (Side A) and away from (Side B) shuttle trays, and container vertical and horizontal wet strength (MPa

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Liping Kou, Yaguang Luo, Wu Ding, Xinghua Liu, and William Conway

caused by pulling grapes off of the pedicel. Furthermore, hot water treatment was also found to be more beneficial than hot air treatment in maintaining fresh-cut grape quality. The main objectives of this study were to optimize a treatment for cluster