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killed ( Meier et al., 2014 ; Montoya et al., 2013 ). Composting is increasingly used as a waste management method, a technique for pollution diversion, and a means to produce a valuable commodity for agricultural, horticultural, and related users

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The allelopathic potential of Citrus junos Tanaka waste from food processing industry after juice extraction was investigated under laboratory conditions. C. junos waste powder inhibited the growth of roots and shoots of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), cress (Lepidium sativum L.), lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis L.), timothy (Phleum pratense L.) and ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.). Significant reductions in the growth of roots and shoots were observed as the powder concentration increased. The concentration of abscisic acid-β-d-glucopyranosyl ester (ABA-GE) in C. junos waste was determined to be 17.9 mg · kg–1 dry weight. Its concentration in C. junos waste appears to account mostly for the observed inhibition of tested plant seedlings. These results indicate that C. junos waste is allelopathic with potential for use in agriculture to suppress weed emergence, which should be investigated further in the field.

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knowledge and resources to provide leadership and develop models to approach the environmental challenges surrounding waste management as well as promote change through the education of citizens ( Leal Filho et al., 1996 ). Colleges and universities around

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heavy metal contents in composts made from animal manure Waste Mgt. 28 813 820 Kumar, R.S. Manimegalai, G. 2004 Fruit and vegetable processing industries and environment, p. 97–117. In: A. Kumar (ed.). Industrial pollution and management. APH Publ., New

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product ( Illera-Vives et al., 2015 ; Sembera et al., 2018 ). Composting is the natural process of breaking down organic matter into a usable, waste-free product, and it is increasingly used as a waste management system ( Sanders et al., 2011 ). Compost

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management system: 1) a commercial manure product consisting of organic animal fertilizer (OAF) (CRAI s.r.l., Rivoli Veronese, VR, Italy); 2) anaerobic digestate fertilizer, based on wine distillery waste (WDW); and 3) organic composted municipal solid wastes

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as a waste management method, a technique for pollution diversion, and to produce a valuable commodity for agricultural, horticultural, and related users ( Walker et al., 2006 ). Compost created from saline feedstocks (e.g., oceanic algae) must be

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Research, primarily undertaken during the vegetative growth stage of sweet cherry ( Prunus avium L.), has identified several management strategies to improve establishment of a new planting. These include pulse fertigation ( Neilsen et al., 2010

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potential benefits of organic mulches in mitigating soil management and K deficiency problems commonly observed in these regions ( Neilsen et al., 1998 ) is of interest. The trend to reduce or completely eliminate pesticides, including herbicides, has led to

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environment in many ways and are intimately intertwined with aesthetics, preference, and human well-being. They impact water, waste management, climate, and environmental sustainability ( Carey et al., 2013 ; Zhou, 2014 ). The ecological services provided by

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