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public relations campaigns. Thus, consumers will have to install water-efficient landscapes and may need information on the potential benefits of those landscapes. Furthermore, the urban landscape is the first area that water districts and government

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urban landscapes in the region use seasonal irrigation to maintain plant health and aesthetics. However, urban water use has become contentious. In the western United States, 50% to 60% of residential water is used for outdoor purposes, predominantly

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water needs of their choice. Knowledge of the water needs of landscape types can be a major strategy in urban water conservation ( Hurd et al., 2006 ). Traditionally, a landscape water budget has been defined as the amount of water required to maintain

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Urban residential landscapes are dynamic, varied, and complex, which makes their classification challenging ( Grimm et al., 2000 ). Furthermore, the plant community, which is the basic unit that landscape ecologists use to classify natural

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In urban forests throughout North America, scale insects are some of the most abundant pests damaging landscape trees ( Frank 2019 ). Crapemyrtle bark scale (CMBS), Acanthococcus lagerstroemiae (Kuwana) (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae), is a nonnative

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of difficult urban or human-impacted sites. Premises The course is based on the premise that you cannot design and establish a new landscape until you have a thorough knowledge of site conditions. A comprehensive site assessment drives design and the

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(Malays, Chinese, Indian). Participants gave their consent to participate in the experiment. Stimuli material. In total, 24 slides were shown: 12 from the category “urban natural” and 12 from “urban built” landscapes. These images were selected from a pool

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Drought and rapid population growth strain urban water supplies throughout the urbanizing Intermountain West (IMW). Irrigated urban landscapes are the largest use of municipal water resources and can consume ≈60% of potable municipal water in the

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Water and chemical use in urbanized areas is significantly influenced by the desire for beautiful landscapes ( Haley et al., 2007 ; Hipp et al., 1993 ). Improper irrigation and fertilization of ornamentals in urban landscapes may result in water

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outdoors is also dictated by lot size and the vegetative makeup of the landscape ( Syme et al., 2004 ), it is also necessary to consider households’ landscape characteristics. Urban water conservation is an important issue even in water-rich regions

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