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vegetables, berries, or even green plants has become less common with each generation, especially in urban areas and with a modern life style. Physical activities outdoors in the green environment, however, have been proven to improve mental health and

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interest in applying CEA practices to urban agriculture (UA), including small- (e.g., in-home production or indoor gardens), medium- (e.g., community gardens), or large-scale commercial operations [e.g., rooftop greenhouses or warehouse-based indoor “plant

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Urban areas started as complex social structures ≈10,000 years ago. Many of the earliest urban areas developed in arid climates near reliable fresh river water resources ( Redman, 1999 ). In the modern era, urban and suburban population growth has

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Urban areas in arid and semiarid regions continue to face water supply and demand challenges ( St. Hilaire et al., 2008 ). Some of the drivers of these challenges include accelerated population growth and enhanced economic activity of urban areas

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Urban horticulture brings together what used to be widely separated: food production and urban space. In a broader sense, urban horticulture encompasses everything from small home and community gardens to city park management, rooftop and wall

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In South Korea, urban agriculture is defined as the cultivation of crops and ornamental plants, and the cultivation of insects and animals using various living spaces in urban areas ( Korea Ministry of Government Legislation, 2017 ). In the United

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in urban and peri-urban areas [U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service (USDA-ERS), 2021]. In Florida, 44 of 67 counties are classified as urban counties by the USDA; this is up from 38 counties in 2003 (USDA-ERS, 2021). Because

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Many urban centers in the western United States are in ecoregions that experience generally low or markedly seasonal patterns of precipitation that create prolonged periods of soil water deficits during the year ( Omernik, 2014 ). As a result, most

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Urban green spaces provide critical access to nature for residents and, within these spaces, natural turfgrass comprises a significant portion of urban vegetation globally ( Ignatieva et al. 2020 ). Natural turfgrass provides a variety of

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In urban forests throughout North America, scale insects are some of the most abundant pests damaging landscape trees ( Frank 2019 ). Crapemyrtle bark scale (CMBS), Acanthococcus lagerstroemiae (Kuwana) (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae), is a nonnative

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