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several years without any other symptoms. These localized symptoms are characterized by anatomical irregularities at the union interface ( Zarrouk et al., 2006 ) and with breaks in cambial and vascular continuity ( Mosse, 1962 ). The abnormal functioning

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Abstract

A study of the histology of the bud-graft unions involving a rose cultivar, Rosa × ‘Fire King’ and two rose understocks, R. multiflora, ‘Brooks’ and R. × ‘Manetti’, was made. These 2 combinations produce a growth phenomenon termed “brittleness”. The graft unions were characterized by large quantities of fragments of necrotic material in the understock-scion interface and delay in the reconstruction of the cambial cylinder with a corresponding decrease in thickness of the cylinders of cambial derivatives derived as a result of cambial activity.

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microphotographs of the union interfaces were taken. Table 1. Tree identification (ID) of selected Uapaca kirkiana stocks and scions from different districts and locations on landscape (natural forest or cultivated field) in Malawi. Visual scoring

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species or genera, a lack of affinity, known as graft incompatibility, may occur. Graft incompatibility can induce undergrowth or overgrowth of the scion, which can lead to decreased levels of water and nutrients flowing through the graft union, causing

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within 1 d and the grafting strips were kept intact onto the graft union interfaces until the end of the experiment. Fig. 1. Diagonal cut surface (100 mm long) of successfully grafted ( A ) Mangifera indica (mango), ( B ) Persia americana (avocado

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Grafting is a horticultural technique that joins scion (top) and rootstock plants via a graft union to create desirable above-ground and below-ground characteristics in the grafted plant ( Davis et al., 2008 ). Grafting has been used for decades in

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after grafting, with the cut near the graft union. Although this method requires additional labor after grafting that could increase the grafting cost, it normally results in a high survival rate and generally has less restrictive requirement for

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pesticides, including their residues, presents a major environmental and toxicological concern (Vitanovic, 2012). This is due to the probability of food contamination through the soil–root interface ( Nazir et al., 2015 ). The highest concentrations of copper

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Navigational interface development The underlying technology behind the PropG web app ( University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences 2023 ) is a JavaScript mobile library (JQuery, Mountain View, CA, USA). This open-source software

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differentiation that forms the connection of vascular bundles at the graft interface, which are essential for successful graft healing ( Bartolini et al., 1996 ; Hunter et al., 2004 ; Ogata et al., 2005 ; Rapaka et al., 2007 ; Schmid and Feucht, 1981 ). In

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