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Laura A. Warner, Anil Kumar Chaudhary, and Sebastian Galindo-Gonzalez

examine possible differences among people who had or had not engaged in extension programming. Theoretical framework This study was guided by targeting outcomes of programs (TOP), an approach to planning for and evaluating outcomes and impacts ( Rockwell

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Kathryn Gunderson, Steven A. Sargent, Daniel J. Cantliffe, Steven G. Jacob, and George J. Hochmuth

, University of Florida, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences, Gainesville, for useful discussions during the preparation of this paper.

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Mu-Chuan Lin, Candice Shoemaker*, and Nancy Gyurcsik

Older adults are not sufficiently physically active and do not consume sufficient fruits and vegetables to achieve health benefits, such as an improved health-related quality of life (HRQL). As a result, an innovative gardening intervention, comprised of stretching exercises, the teaching of home garden knowledge and skills, and the preparation and taste testing of fruits and vegetables, was developed to target increased: (a) confidence to garden and to consume fruits and vegetables, (b) physical activity, (c) fruit and vegetable consumption, and (d) HRQL. Seven older adults, aged 60 years or older, participated in the gardening intervention and 10 older adults participated in the control group during the fall. Measures of confidence, physical activity (i.e., gardening), fruit and vegetable consumption, and HRQL were obtained at baseline and at the end of the 10-week program. Findings revealed that, at baseline, intervention participants had significantly higher confidence to garden compared to control participants but at end-program intervention and control participants did not significantly differ in any of the outcome variables. Bivariate findings also revealed that intervention participants who had higher confidence to garden or to consume fruits and vegetables at baseline also gardened more at end-program. Thus, interventions targeting confidence to garden and to consume fruits and vegetables may be effective in improving gardening (i.e., physical activity) behavior. Findings also suggest that seasonal change may be one influential moderator of the gardening program on confidence and gardening and fruit and vegetable consumption behavior change. Future research should examine the impact of the program in different seasons to clarify the effects.

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Garry V. McDonald and Wayne A. Mackay

Department of Horticulture, unpublished). Assessment implementation. The course curriculum matrix was used to identify specific courses that would be part of the assessment implementation targeting specific SLOs as related to the overall horticulture program

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Mary Rogers, Illana Livstrom, Brandon Roiger, and Amy Smith

provide examples of student learning that took place as an outcome of the 10-week-long summer program in 2018 and highlight successes and challenges experienced by youth. Growing north Minneapolis Founded in 2017, the GNM partnership emerged from a

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Min Hyeong Kwon, Jongyun Kim, Changwan Seo, Chiwon W. Lee, Eu Jean Jang, and Woo-Kyun Lee

websites of these 163 public gardens were visited from Aug. to Dec. 2014. The research target was limited to public gardens that listed public education programs on their website. To study the topics and activities of each subject provided by children

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Eric T. Stafne and Kathleen D. Kelsey

institutions with different cultures and identities remains problematic, even when educational institutions have similar clientele, as competition for the target audience may cause feelings of rivalry, or even attempts to undermine each other's programs. A

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Kevin Ong, Madalyn Shires, Holly Jarvis Whitaker, Jennifer Olson, Joseph LaForest, and David H. Byrne

; McKinley et al., 2016 ; Tulloch et al., 2013 ). However, numerous challenges exist when attempting to engage the general public in any research program. This article will explore the logic and development of approaches of using citizen science in the

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Tina Waliczek, Amy McFarland, and Megan Holmes

program may be reaching the bulk of students in terms of ethnic background and also offered some insight and opportunities as to which groups could be targeted in designing future materials. Environmental attitude differences were also seen with those

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Matthew J. Kararo, Kathryn S. Orvis, and Neil A. Knobloch

youth fruit and vegetable consumption outcome. There were two research objectives: 1) determine if youth participants reported higher levels of fruit and vegetable consumption upon completion of the EYWTBH program and 2) determine if selected variables