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produced foods for direct-to-consumer markets, the breeding program has recently begun to evaluate and breed cold-hardy table grapes. Expanding into table grapes also provides monetary incentives for local growers, with table grapes selling for $3.00/lb

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Many characteristics define successful table grape cultivars, but seedlessness has become a defining feature for consumers. In response to this demand, 77% of 27,582 ha planted in California with table grapes are seedless varieties ( U

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nonsevered shoots will reduce the overall quality of the crop ( Studer and Olmo, 1974 ), so a more effective fruit-loosening treatment is desirable. Fruit-loosening agents might also have applications for table and wine grapes. For example, sound individual

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‘Jinok’ (‘Delaware’ × ‘Campbell Early’) is a new table grape cultivar showing early-ripening berries with uniform coloring of skin and high quality. ‘Jinok’ has a mean bud burst on 11 Apr., flowering on 24 May, and fruit maturity on 23 Aug. The

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‘Suok’ (‘Kyoho’ × ‘Beniizu’) is a tetraploid (4×) table grape cultivar showing large berries with high quality. ‘Suok’ has a mean bud burst on 17 Apr., flowering on 31 May, and fruit maturity on 15 Sept. The mean berry weight is 10.9 g, and mean

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‘Compassion’ seedless table grape is the newest cultivar ( Vitis hybrid) released by the University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture, bringing to 13, the total number of releases from the program ( Clark, 2010 ; Clark and Moore, 2013 ). It

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‘Valley Pearl’ is an early to midseason, white seedless table grape ( Vitis vinifera L.) suitable for commercial table grape production where V. vinifera can be grown. The significant characteristics of ‘Valley Pearl’ are its high and consistent

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‘Solbrio’ is an early midseason black-skinned seedless table grape ( Vitis vinifera L.) suitable for production where V. vinifera can be grown. The significant characteristics of ‘Solbrio’ are its consistent production of large crunchy textured

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`Jupiter' is the fifth table grape cultivar released from the Univ. of Arkansas grape breeding program. `Jupiter' originated from a cross of Ark. 1258 × Ark. 1672 made in 1981. The original seedling vine was selected in 1984, and `Jupiter' was tested as Ark. 1985. `Jupiter' was tested at two locations in Arkansas (Fayetteville and Clarksville) and at West Lafayette, Ind. Fruit of `Jupiter' are reddish-blue, and berry weight averaged 5.5 g over 12 years of evaluation at Clarksville. Fruit are seedless, have a non-slipskin texture, ripen early mid-season, and averaged 19.8% soluble solids. Flavor is a mild muscat, a noteworthy character of this new cultivar. Clusters averaged 257 g over 12 years and are well-filled. Yields of `Jupiter' have been very good, exceeding 29 t/ha at Clarksville. Hardiness of `Jupiter' was greater than `Einset Seedless', `Himrod', or `Vanessa Seedless', but less than `Mars' or `Reliance' at West Lafayette. `Jupiter' is recommended for trial where other other eastern U.S. table grape cultivars are adapted.

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Grapes with unique flavors are welcomed by consumers worldwide. World grape production is mainly used for wine, and table grapes play a leading role in the Chinese market ( Wang et al. 2017 ). In recent years, protected grape cultivation has

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