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Giuseppe Vanella, Masoud Salyani, Paolo Balsari, Stephen H. Futch and Roy D. Sweeb

3. Significance levels ( P values) from split-split-plot analysis of variance for differences in drift potential indices based on distance and time ( DPI d and DPI t , respectively) due to the effect of spray drift shield (absence, presence

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Pascal Braekman, Dieter Foqué, Marie-Christine Van Labeke, Jan G. Pieters and David Nuyttens

position of the collectors (orientation with respect to spray cloud, shielding of leaves or stems, exposure to runoff) affected the spray deposition ( Fig. 2A–B ). The spray depositions on the runners (sample points 1 and 5) were not significantly

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Herbicide Applicator Vanella et al. (p. 745) evaluated a drift sampling system for herbicide applications. Developing a computational procedure, they tested the effects and interactions of sprayer nozzle type, ground speed, and spray shield in terms of a

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Brian Dintelmann, David Trinklein and Kevin Bradley

. Applications were made with a 10-ft boom spraying ≈16 inches directly over the top of each species. Flat fan nozzles were used to simulate the fine droplets that are most likely to drift from a nearby field application and move off-site to a sensitive species

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Mitchell Eicher-Sodo, Robert Gordon and Youbin Zheng

received a single treatment and were separated during treatment application by the aforementioned shield to prevent spray drift. Individual species of microgreens were grouped together to form three segregated clusters on the bench surface. Lettuce plugs

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Bruce I. Reisch, R. Stephen Luce and Anna Katharine Mansfield

berries averaged 1.53 and 2.70 g, respectively. Budbreak in ‘Aromella’ usually occurs before ‘Traminette’ and after ‘Concord’. Vines are extremely sensitive to damage when green tissues are exposed to drift from 2,4-D herbicide use, and there is some

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Margaret A. Cliff, Kareen Stanich and Peter M.A. Toivonen

prevalence of cherry cracking can be reduced through the use of orchard covers to protect the fruit ( Børve et al., 2003 ; Meland et al., 2014 ), air-blast sprayers or helicopters to blow rainwater (dry) off the fruit ( Wheat, 2015 ), calcium sprays (i

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Shital Poudyal and Bert M. Cregg

with vapor pressure >0.01 mm Hg are highly volatile. During pesticide applications, vapor from volatile pesticides may quickly drift to nearby nontarget plants and may cause immediate phytotoxicity in sensitive species. Highly volatile pesticides are