Over the past 25 years, faculty and their work have been studied on an intensive level. In 1977, Sarason defined a “one life—one career” model, in which faculty are “called” to a profession. Numerous studies, beginning with Hodgekinson (1974) and Baldwin and Blackburn (1981), indicate that faculty as adult learners continue to explore new interests and redefine careers, particularly as age and experience increase. Although the institutional context is a mediating factor, a number of researchers, including Baldwin (1985), Creswell, et. al. (1990), Schuster and Wheeler (1990), Simpson (1990), and Sorcinelli and Austin (1992) have identified a range of faculty needs and strategies which can aid in meeting these needs. Department chairs and faculty colleagues are identified as crucial in encouraging changes to maintain faculty vitality, and to encourage preventative action rather than remediation. Such investments in human capital have both short-term and long-term payoffs [Simpson (1990) and Schuster and Wheeler (1990)].
Aime J. Sommerfeld, Tina M. Waliczek, and Jayne M. Zajicek
A questionnaire based on the Life Satisfaction Inventory A (LSIA) was used to investigate older adult (age 50+ years) gardeners' and nongardeners' perceptions of personal life satisfaction and levels of physical activity. The LSIA measures five components of quality of life: “zest for life,” “resolution and fortitude,” “congruence between desired and achieved goals,” “physical, psychological, and social self-concept,” and “optimism.” Additional multiple-choice questions were asked to determine respondents' level of physical activity, perceptions of overall health and well-being as well as to gather demographic information. The survey was posted on a university homepage for ≈1 month. Responses were gathered from 298 participants who differentiated themselves as gardeners or nongardeners by responding positively or negatively to the question “do you garden?” Results indicated statistically significant differences in comparisons of overall life satisfaction scores with gardeners receiving higher mean scores indicating more positive results on the LSIA. Four individual quality-of-life statements included in the LSIA yielded statistically significantly more positive answers by gardeners when compared with nongardeners. Other questions regarding healthful practices revealed that personal reports of physical activity and perceptions of personal health were statistically significantly more positive among gardeners when compared with nongardeners.
Wenbin Zhang, Junru Zhang, and Xulan Hu
1 Senior Researcher. 2 Senior Horticulturist.
Sin-Ae Park, A-Young Lee, Ki-Cheol Son, Wang-Lok Lee, and Dae-Sik Kim
, the present study aimed to assess the physical and psychological health benefits of gardening as a physical activity intervention for maintaining or improving the health conditions of elderly women at a community senior center and to investigate
Sin-Ae Park, A-Young Lee, Hee-Geun Park, Ki-Cheol Son, Dae-Sik Kim, and Wang-Lok Lee
Methods Subjects. Korean women older than 70 years were recruited from senior community centers. Researchers contacted senior community centers in the same community located in Seoul, South Korea, by phone or through face-to-face meetings with those in
Brian A. Birrenkott, Joseph L. Craig, and George R. McVey
1 Director, R&D. To whom reprint requests should be addressed. 2 Senior research specialist. 3 Former senior scientist, retired. Current address: 17800 Timber Ln, Marysville, OH 43041.
Aaron L. Warsaw, R. Thomas Fernandez, Bert M. Cregg, and Jeffrey A. Andresen
. ‘Atrovirens’, and Viburnum dentatum L. ‘Ralph Senior’ were classified as low water users by Warsaw et al. (2009) in an irrigation experiment in 2006. These species were selected for the current study because they could be grouped together based on similar
Sin-Ae Park, Candice A. Shoemaker, and Mark D. Haub
and nongardeners for differences. Materials and Methods Subjects. Subjects were recruited from the community of Manhattan, KS. Recruitment was done in person at locations known to be frequented by older adults in Manhattan, KS, such as a senior center
P.W. Masinde, H. Stützel, S.G. Agong, and A. Fricke
We are grateful to the Germany Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) for providing a dissertation scholarship to the senior author.