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Tina M. Waliczek, R.D. Lineberger, and J.M. Zajicek

The kinderGARDEN website ( was developed as part of the Aggie Horticulture network. Its focus was to help incorporate fun garden activities into the home and school lives of children. The page has grown to include pages on school gardens, community gardens, botanical gardens, and a fun page for kids. The site focuses toward providing information on activities and curricula developed for children. A survey, designed to investigate the perceptions of parents and teachers working with youth in gardening situations on the benefits of children gardening, is included on the site. Adults who work with children in any type of gardening situation can respond to the survey via e-mail. Questions on the survey relay information about the type of gardening situation in which the children participate, how many children are involved, the types of crops grown, the relationship of the adult to the child, and what kinds of benefits the adults observe in the children. Results and conclusions of the survey instrument will be presented. The positive aspects and drawbacks of this research technique will be discussed.

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Tina M. Waliczek, R.D. Lineberger, J.M. Zajicek, and J.C. Bradley

A survey, targeting adults working with youth in garden situations, was designed for delivery on the KinderGARDEN World Wide Web site. The goal of this survey was to investigate adults who are actively involved in gardening with children in school, community or home gardens on their perceptions of the benefits of children participating in gardening. Three hundred-twenty completed surveys were returned via e-mail during a period of 9 months. Fourteen questions were included on the survey requesting information concerning what types of gardening situations in which children were participants and the demographics of the children involved in gardening. Results of the study cover 128,836 children (youth under 18 years old) involved in gardening, primarily with teachers in school gardens. The children involved were generally 12 years of age or under and were growing food crops. Adults gardening with children reported benefits to children's self-esteem and reduction in stress levels. Adults were also interested in learning more about the psychological, nutritional and physical benefits of gardening. Comparisons between those adults involved in gardening found that parents' and teachers' ideas differed concerning the most important aspects of the gardening experience. Parents viewed food production as most important while teachers thought socializing and learning about plants were most important.

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W. H. Gabelman


Most biologists agree that the genetic composition of the plant determines the potential response of the plant. Against this genetic background, the environment exerts its effect by enhancing or limiting the myriad of potential biochemical sequences that reside in the plant genotype.

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Sheri Dorn, Lucy Bradley, Debbie Hamrick, Julie Weisenhorn, Pam Bennett, Jill Callabro, Bridget Behe, Ellen Bauske, and Natalie Bumgarner

consortium’s “overarching goal” is to “unite national research and educational efforts with the goals of the diverse stakeholders in the industry, the public sector, and the gardening public to advance knowledge and increase benefits and application of

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Wan-Wei Yu, Der-Lin Ling, and Yu-Sen Chang

( Hietanen and Korpela, 2004 ). Previous research has shown that to obtain long-term spiritual benefits, people must spend a greater amount of time in natural environments that have the potential to lead to deep restorative experiences that can provide the

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Yuan-Yu Chang, Wei-Chia Su, I-Chun Tang, and Chun-Yen Chang

the last 20 years, school gardening has become a growing movement nationwide in the United States ( Blair, 2009 ). As the popularity of school gardening has grown, the amount of research examining the benefits of gardening activities for children has

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Shih-Han Hung, Chia-Ching Wu, Yu-Chen Yeh, Ang Yeh, Chun-Yen Chang, and Hsing-Fen Tang

wild local landscapes could bring to visitors is often neglected. To date, seldom on-site research verified the benefits of physio-psychological well-being on agritourism farms. Leaving these gaps of knowledge unanswered will lose opportunities to

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Yann-Jou Lin, Ai-Tsen Su, and Bau-Show Lin

also be used for EGRs ( Getter and Rowe, 2006 ). The selection of plant species is also quite important to the cooling and energy-saving benefits provided by EGRs and has been one of the key subjects of recent research ( Blanusa et al., 2013 ; Lin

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Dru N. Montri, Bridget K. Behe, and Kimberly Chung

market management [ Michigan Farmers Market Association (MIFMA), 2012a ]. Farmers markets are credited with providing a range of benefits from promoting small and midsized farm viability to strengthening communities ( Abel et al., 1999 ; Ross, 2006

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Keelin Blaith Purcell, Robert E. Lyons, Lynn D. Dierking, and Helen Fischel

during these formative years could help ensure an active and engaged future generation of horticulturists and public garden and environmental advocates. The objective of this research was to determine what specific institutional benefits could be derived