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(Balkamp Manufacturing Corp., Indianapolis, IN). The SL and SWD values used for QTL mapping were the average measurements of five random seeds per fruit. Quantitative trait loci detection. Analysis for the detection of M-QTL was performed using WinQTL

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China, is an important leafy vegetable in eastern Asia. Many traits of agronomic importance are quantitative in nature and have complex genetic basis. The identification of quantitative trait loci (QTL) represents a first step toward dissecting the

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populations set fruit in 2011; no QTLs were identified successfully. Table 4. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for fresh-cut browning detected by interval mapping and Kruskal-Wallis in 2010 in the hybrid population of ‘Jonathan’ × ‘Golden Delicious’. Discussion

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most fruit quality traits is polygenic and largely unknown ( Grandillo et al., 1999 ; Saliba-Colombani et al., 2001 ). Quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis can be used to detect regions of the genome involved in such complex traits ( Tanksley, 1993

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QTL for manually measured traits included those on paternal (MN1246) chromosome 11 and maternal (MN1264) chromosome 17 for 20 berry weight. QTL for image-derived traits did not recur between years. Table 1. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) detected at the

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independent genes. Fig. 3. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) identified for the percent male (Male), percent female (Female), percent hermaphrodite (HM) and percent female of pistillate (F/P) flowers in the first 20 flowers of the main vine of the Citrullus

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population ( Fig. 3 ), which shows a clear delineation between samples with the egusi seed phenotype and normal seed phenotype. Table 2. Main effect quantitative trait loci (M-QTL) and epistatic effect QTL (E-QTL) identified for seed oil as a percentage of

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size to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) has been strongly emphasized by many researchers ( Collard et al., 2005 ; Doerge et al., 1997 ; Ripol et al., 1999 ; Tanksley, 1993 ). In a polyploid crop such as sweetpotato, a large population size is

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soybean ( Panthee et al., 2006 ). Fig. 1. Quantitative trait loci [length of the bar represents the region between the markers flanking the 1.5-likelihood-odds (LOD) support interval] identified by composite interval mapping for the content of palmitic

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Mbp ( Liu et al., 2014 ). Using the latest estimate of Liu et al. (2014) , the average physical distance between mapped markers was calculated to be 4.67 Mbp. Fig. 4. Genetic linkage map and positions of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with

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