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Nicholas D. Warren, Richard G. Smith, and Rebecca G. Sideman

crops as LMs concurrently with broccoli in a plasticulture system may both provide an opportunity to include or expand the use of cover crops in broccoli production systems in short-season regions and reduce the need for soil disturbance in the spaces

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Charles E. Barrett, Lincoln Zotarelli, Lucas G. Paranhos, Brian S. Taylor, Peter Dittmar, Clyde W. Fraisse, and John VanSickle

commercial cabbage fields in northeast Florida, showed that 30% of the planted population were not harvested since the cabbage heads failed to reach marketable size or were of poor quality. In vegetable production systems, plasticulture offers potential to

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Michael D. Orzolek

Plasticulture enables growers to optimize establishment of vegetable and fruit crops under nonoptimum conditions and in locations with short growing seasons. Generally, warm-season crops such as muskmelon, pepper, and tomato, are established from transplants to decrease the time to maturity in the field. Directly seeding vegetables such as sweet corn, cucumber, and snap bean through plastic allows for optimum soil temperature and moisture to ensure maximum seed germination and subsequent seedling emergence. Mechanized transplanting or seeding of vegetables in plasticulture is available and successful if a firm, flat bed with plastic firmly stretched over the bed is formed and specific crop requirements are followed during establishment. Common mistakes made with plant establishment in plasticulture are discussed.

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Lucas G. Paranhos, Charles E. Barrett, Lincoln Zotarelli, Tatiana Borisova, Rebecca Darnell, and Kati Migliaccio

Plastic mulch in combination with drip irrigation is widely used for vegetable production in Florida ( Locascio, 2005 ). The benefits associated with this plasticulture system in comparison with the traditional bare ground seepage irrigation include

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D. C. Sanders

We instituted a series of on-farm trials to introduce vegetable growers to plasticulture systems. Initial trials were large areas where all combinations of plastic mulch, soil fumigation with methyl bromide, and drip irrigation were compared. As the system developed 0.4 Ha trials were instituted to show system potentials. Later 0.1 Ha trials were used to reduce resource demand. Low volume wells were used as a water source for drip irrigation. Often a simple venturi was used to apply fertilizer. Sand filters were made portable by placing them on a trailer and other equipment was made more portable. As more growers adopted the system demonstration became more complex and the focus changed to developing a total, intensive cropping system. In 10 year 50 demonstrations were conducted with a high of 18, and the hectarage of plasticulture increased from 100 Ha to 3500 Ha or from 0.1% to 8% of the appropriate crops. Yields were increase 2 to 6 times with similar improvements in quality.

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Jennifer Tillman, Ajay Nair, Mark Gleason, and Jean Batzer

rolled cover crop system as opposed to bare ground. Given the increased yields in plasticulture systems compared with bare ground, little work has been done comparing conventional management using plastic to systems that reduce tillage through low

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Jason M. Lilley and Elsa S. Sánchez

improving the environmental quality of their farms. Plasticulture systems, or the use of polyethylene mulch on raised beds with drip irrigation, increase soil temperatures ( Yaghi et al., 2013 ), eliminate the majority of in-row weed competition and result

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Daniel I. Leskovar, Chenping Xu, and Shinsuke Agehara

response to planting configuration and plasticulture of two artichoke cultivars differing in maturity. Materials and Methods Cultural practices. Experiments were carried out in three seasons, 2008–09, 2010–11, and 2011–12 (herein 2009, 2011, and 2012

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Charles E. Barrett, Lincoln Zotarelli, Lucas G. Paranhos, Peter Dittmar, Clyde W. Fraisse, and John VanSickle

plasticulture average cabbage marketable yields (Mg·ha −1 ) from 1998 to 2014. Fig. 2. National and Florida average cabbage prices ($/Mg) from 1998 to 2014. Data sourced from U.S. Department of Agriculture (2015) . Weather during the growing season is a major

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Daniel L. Schellenberg, Anthony D. Bratsch, and Zhengxing Shen

., 1990 ; Coffey and Ramsey, 1987 ), growers that invest in a plasticulture system can capitalize on this market opportunity by producing broccoli after summer vegetables. Due to seasonal production schedules, the use of transplants is recommended for