The challenges encountered and discussions generated during the review process of the manuscripts submitted to the Variety Trials category of HortTechnology have revealed the need to review issues encountered during manuscript preparation and to provide flexible guidelines for authors and reviewers. Using a question/answer format, this manuscript discusses issues related to data collection and statistical methods available to compare varieties. Clear objectives and conclusions, adequate plot size, careful selection of entries, and sound statistical procedures are considered essential. Several additional factors (following standard production practices, using multiple seed sources, reporting analysis of variance table and mean square error, reporting multiyear/multilocation trials) are regarded as desirable, with different degrees of desirability, depending on the crop. These flexible guidelines should be viewed as recommendations for authors and reviewers rather than requirements. While defining the state-of-the-art in variety trialing is of interest to all those involved, it may be difficult to achieve when resources are limiting. It is ultimately the prerogative and responsibility of the author(s) to ensure that the work is scientifically sound.
Jason Osborne and Eric Simonne
A discussion of the need for and roles of scientific publications in horticultural sciences. Rules for the preparation of manuscripts are outlined, types of material to be included in various sections of a manuscript are discussed and some bases for manuscript rejection or acceptance are noted. Emphasis is placed on the need for correct grammar, clarity and precision in writing, the preparation of illustrative materials and the necessity of checking all data and literature citations.
Authors should consult the ASHS Publications Style Manual, the primary style guide for authors, editors, and reviewers of articles submitted for publication, before they submit manuscripts. The author instructions presented below are part of the manual and are intended to acquaint the author with ASHS publication policies and general manuscript preparation. All detailed information on manuscript structure and ASHS style guidelines are presented in the ASHS Publications Style Manual, not here.
Robert L. Bugg
The preparation of this manuscript was funded in part by the Wallace Genetic Fund, Inc.
Charles C. Block and Kathleen R. Reitsma
We thank Mark Widrlechner, Thomas Gulya and Candice Gardner for helpful suggestions during the preparation of this manuscript.
Bonnie L. Appleton and Susan C. French
We thank Richard E. Veilleux, Professor and Chairman, Virginia Tech Department of Horticulture Graduate Committee, for his assistance with preparation of this manuscript.
Francis Zvomuya and Carl J. Rosen
This research was supported by the Univ. of Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station. Additional support was provided by Monsanto Co., St. Louis, Mo. We thank Steven Eskelsen, Monsanto, for helpful comments during manuscript preparation.
Wen-Shaw Chen, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Wen-Huei Chen and Yih-Shyan Lin
We are grateful to Paul B. Green for technical advice with microscopy and valuable suggestions in manuscript preparation. We also thank Yin-Tung Wang, Yih-Shiow Chang, and Christopher Menzel for help in manuscript preparation. The cost of
Hannah M. Mathers, Luke T. Case and Thomas H. Yeager
Jenny Pope and James Beaver in the preparation of this manuscript.
Hannah M. Mathers
acknowledge the technical assistance provided by James Beaver and Jenny Pope in the preparation of this manuscript.