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Loretta Bacchetta, Maria Aramini, Claudia Bernardini, and Eddo Rugini

of income for the local sustainable production system and a precious food for traditional local use. Italy, the world's second largest producer, boasts several traditional cultivars, which are mainly cultivated in Campania, Latium, Piedmont, and

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Alejandro Martínez-Bilbao, Amaya Ortiz-Barredo, Emilio Montesinos, and Jesús Murillo

northern Spain is potentially at a great risk because of the widespread use of self-rooted local cultivars whose susceptibility to fire blight, and to other important diseases of apple such as apple scab [ Venturia inaequalis (Cooke) G. Wint.], is largely

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M.S. Albaho and O.A. Eshwarib

Scarcity and high cost of good-quality water for irrigation in the Kuwait environment, which is located in an extremely arid region, necessitate the utilization of underground brackish water. However, productivity of most vegetable crops is reduced tremendously when irrigated with such low-quality water. Consequently, a tomato-breeding program had been launched to develop tomato cultivars that are well-adapted to the local conditions. The present work is a 2-year field study to compare the performance of four locally developed vs. eight imported tomato cultivars under saline irrigation water (brackish). The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized block design with four replications. Dimensions of each experimental unit was 2 × 2.5 m (5 m2). Fertilization and other cultural practices followed those recommended for the local environment and soil was sandy in texture. Prior to transplanting seedlings to field, they had been irrigated with nonsaline water. Total dissolved solutes of the brackish water used for irrigation was 7500 mg.L-1. A total of seven harvests were collected on a weekly basis. There were no significant differences among tomato cultivars in terms of total fruit weights in the first four harvests. However, beginning with the fifth harvest, two of the locally developed cultivars (Kuwait-16 and Kuwait-20) were among the highest in total yield for two consecutive years in this study. It is therefore recommended that these Kuwaiti tomato cultivars be used to replace the several expensively imported varieties, which, though high yielding, are not necessarily so in the Kuwait environment, or may be salt-sensitive cultivars. Combining the local varieties with the use of less expensive brackish water could reduce the expense of farming significantly in this region of the world.

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Shahrokh Khanizadeh, Jacinthe Fortin, Michel J. Lareau, and Deborah J. Buszard

Frozen fruit of five locally grown strawberry cultivars and a recent introduction were compared to imported berries for making jam. Line scales were used to evaluate sensory attributes. Cultivars differed only in acidity, fruity flavor, and berry integrity. Jam produced with Quebec-grown berries was less acidic and more fruity tasting than that made from imported Mexican berries. `Kent' had better fruit integrity than Mexican berries, followed by `Chambly', `Midway', `Bounty', and `Glooscap'. Frozen local strawberries were preferred to Mexican berries for making jam. Overall impression was better for Quebec-grown strawberries with the exception of `Midway', which had lower overall impression than Mexican berries.

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Angela D. Myracle, Zakkary J. Castonguay, Amber Elwell, and Renae E. Moran

in the northeastern United States and Canada for local marketing. These two cultivars scored 6.0 or below for overall liking, indicating that consumers neither liked nor disliked them or liked them slightly. The only other cultivar to score as low was

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Fuad Gasi, Silvio Simon, Naris Pojskic, Mirsad Kurtovic, Ivan Pejic, Mekjell Meland, and Clive Kaiser

potential source of positive pomologic traits and resistance to biotic and abiotic stress ( Kellerhals et al., 2004 ), local traditional B&H apple cultivars may be useful for inclusion in international apple breeding programs and therefore must be conserved

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Paolo Boccacci, Roberto Botta, and Mercè Rovira

) with hazelnut cultivation areas shown in dark (from Tasias Valls, 1975 , modified). Modern agriculture requires high yield for profitability, and consequently the number of cultivars planted has declined in recent years. To avoid loss of local

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Iftikhar Ahmad, Muhammad B. Rafiq, John M. Dole, Bilal Abdullah, and Kinza Habib

study was conducted to evaluate exotic cultivars of delphinium, snapdragon, and stock in comparison with local cultivars of snapdragon and stock for their production and postharvest performance as cut flowers in the agro-climatic conditions of Punjab

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Haby Sanou, Daouda Sidibé, Adama Korbo, and Zewge Teklehaimanot

rootstocks of local ber to produce much bigger and sweeter fruit. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate the adaptation of some of these improved cultivars of ber from India to farming conditions in Mali to optimize their use in parkland

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Hannah R. Swegarden, Craig C. Sheaffer, and Thomas E. Michaels

vegetable production environments in southeast Minnesota. This research will provide guidance to small-scale vegetable growers in the region regarding favorable heirloom cultivar choices when supplying novel dry beans to local markets. Materials and Methods