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Mark E. Herrington, Craig Hardner, Malcolm Wegener, Louella Woolcock, and Mark J. Dieters

produce a linear combination of economic and genetic parameters to estimate the aggregate economic genotype (i.e., breeding objective) for over 3000 genotypes that are represented in the breeding program or the pedigree of individuals in the breeding

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Craig Hardner, João Costa e Silva, Emlyn Williams, Noel Meyers, and Cameron McConchie

identify potentially superior germplasm ( Hardner et al., 2009 ). A private breeding program was initiated in Australia during the 1970s, using some of the earlier superior Australian germplasm developed by Norm Greber ( Bell et al., 1988 ; Hardner et al

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Steven J. McKay, James M. Bradeen, and James J. Luby

small number of more recent, successful introductions (e.g., ‘Fuji’, ‘Gala’, ‘Cripps Pink’, ‘Honeycrisp’) are the results of breeding programs. Numerous biological features in apple hinder the rapid development of new cultivars, including self

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Saadat Sarikhani Khorami, Kazem Arzani, Ghasem Karimzadeh, Abdolali Shojaeiyan, and Wilco Ligterink

Plant genetic diversity provides opportunity for breeders to release new cultivars during plant-breeding programs ( Govindaraj et al., 2015 ). However, many plants, such as fruit trees, have a long breeding cycle. Long breeding cycle of fruit trees

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Neil O. Anderson, Mi-kyoung Won, and Dong-chan Kim

chrysanthemums totals $150.804 M (w) ( USDA NASS, 2015 ). Both greenhouse and garden types of chrysanthemums have been domesticated with a wide range of flower colors, patterns, and forms ( Anderson, 2006 ). Both types can be programmed to flower year-round by

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Asmita Paudel, Ji Jhong Chen, Youping Sun, Yuxiang Wang, and Richard Anderson

Field trials are used to successfully identify suitable plants with outstanding landscape performance for various plant selection and evaluation programs. Superior plants are selected mostly on the basis of their appearance, environmental

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M. Joseph Stephens, Peter A. Alspach, Ron A. Beatson, Chris Winefield, and Emily J. Buck

. idaeus ssp. vulgatus. Since ‘Meeker’ was released, a number of breeding programs have developed new red raspberry types for machine-harvest ( Kempler et al., 2006 , 2007 ; Moore and Finn, 2007 ). Nevertheless, ‘Meeker’ still remains the dominant

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Tomas N. Hasing, Luis F. Osorio, and Vance M. Whitaker

introduced by Finlay and Wilkinson (1963) can be adapted to within-season stability analyses by considering each harvest as a separate “environment.” In the regression approach, the performance of individual genotypes is linearly regressed against the

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Vance M. Whitaker, Tomas Hasing, Craig K. Chandler, Anne Plotto, and Elizabeth Baldwin

The University of Florida (UF) strawberry ( Fragaria × ananassa ) breeding program develops cultivars adapted for winter fruit production in west-central Florida. This region is the second leading production area in the United States behind coastal

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Heather L. Merk, Shawn C. Yarnes, Allen Van Deynze, Nankui Tong, Naama Menda, Lukas A. Mueller, Martha A. Mutschler, Steven A. Loewen, James R. Myers, and David M. Francis

to a qualitative decision. Thus, differences between commodities have affected approaches to selection, and the challenge remains for breeding programs targeting horticultural crops to develop the capacity to collect, store, and analyze objective