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Amy L. Shober, Geoffrey C. Denny, and Timothy K. Broschat

quality degradation (e.g., eutrophication). Various best management practices (BMPs) have been developed and implemented in an effort to reduce environmental pollution and water consumption associated with urban landscapes. Recommended BMPs include

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L.L. Lockett, C.B. McKenney, and D.L. Auld

Many segments of private industry use data gathered from public attitude and opinion research as an integral part of the planning, program development, and evaluation process. These basic techniques were used to determine public perception of five species of Texas native plants grown at three irrigation rates under xeriscape conditions. Nearly half of the average annual residential water costs go to lawns and gardens. Minimizing the amount of water used in irrigation could provide significant savings of money and a precious natural resource. The complexities of measuring social attitudes, how to develop a valid survey instrument, methods of analyzing survey data, and appropriate interpretation will be discussed. Use of public perception could be a powerful tool in developing water conserving technologies.

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P. Diane Relf and David McKissack

A mass media water-quality program aimed at changing lawn and garden fertilization practices of homeowners successfully elicited responses from individuals by using local cooperative extension offices and newsletters. Traditional extension media tools, such as radio and news releases, were less successful in eliciting requests for further information. In addition, the program reached more people by transmitting the information in the form of a calendar than it reached in the first year through videotapes and slide sets created for use in public and Master Gardener training.

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Malik G. Al-Ajlouni, Dawn M. VanLeeuwen, and Rolston St. Hilaire

0.1 to 1.2 depending on crop type, stage of growth, and cultural practices [ California Irrigation Management Information System (CIMIS), 2008 ]. A traditional way of applying the crop coefficient method to calculate water budgets for landscape

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Rolston St. Hilaire, Michael A. Arnold, Don C. Wilkerson, Dale A. Devitt, Brian H. Hurd, Bruce J. Lesikar, Virginia I. Lohr, Chris A. Martin, Garry V. McDonald, Robert L. Morris, Dennis R. Pittenger, David A. Shaw, and David F. Zoldoske

the landscape. Landscape irrigation includes the design (engineering), water management (when and how much water to apply), equipment (pipes, valves, emission devices, controllers, and so on), installation, and maintenance. Components or activities

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Laura A. Warner, Amanda D. Ali, and Anil Kumar Chaudhary

Good landscape management practices can positively affect water availability and quality, whereas improper management can degrade water quality in local and larger water bodies and contribute to water scarcity ( Saurí, 2013 ; Shober et al., 2010

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Richard Martinson, John Lambrinos, and Ricardo Mata-González

landscapes. However, current landscape management approaches will need to be adjusted to achieve the maximum water-savings benefit from their use. Current water demand models can overestimate water demand in instances when there is little correlation between

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Janet S. Hartin, David W. Fujino, Lorence R. Oki, S. Karrie Reid, Charles A. Ingels, and Darren Haver

Between 40% and 70% of water used in urban settings in the United States is applied to landscape plantings ( Cabrera et al., 2013 ; Haley et al., 2007 ; Kjelgren et al., 2000 ; St. Hilaire et al., 2008 ). Water conservation in urban landscapes in

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Genhua Niu and Raul I. Cabrera

a ). Additional Sources Of Information The Southern California Salinity Coalition and National Water Research Institute maintains a web site with comprehensive literature review information related to salinity management guidelines for landscapes

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Tim R. Pannkuk, Richard H. White, Kurt Steinke, Jacqueline A. Aitkenhead-Peterson, David R. Chalmers, and James C. Thomas

Green, 1994 ). Irrigated areas within the built landscape can also increase property values. Yet, end-user lack of understanding of best management practices for landscape water management will routinely contribute to excess water use. In a study of 800