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John Strang, Carl Harper, Dana Hadad, Kay Oakley, Darrell Slone and John Snyder

Three landscape fabrics, Magic Mat®, a heavy black plastic woven fabric with a fuzzy underside; Weed Mat®, a thin black plastic sheet with small holes; and Typar®, a dark gray spun bonded material, with and without a cover of organic oak bark mulch, were evaluated for weed control and ability of strawberry plant roots to establish through the fabrics over a 4-year period. Landscape fabrics reduced weed numbers for the first 3 years in comparison with the bare ground treatment. With few exceptions. the organic mulch did not improve the weed control capability of landscape fabrics. Fruit yield for the Weed Mat and Magic Mat treatments did not differ from the bare ground treatment, but was lower for the Typar treatment when averaged over organic mulch treatments. Fruit yield was higher where the organic mulch was used when averaged over all landscape fabric treatments. Fruit size was slightly larger for the bare ground and smallest for the Typar treatments during the first harvest season, but there was no difference in fruit size by the third year of harvest. Fruit size for the organic mulched plots was slightly larger than that for the unmulched plots the second year of harvest, but there was no difference for the first or third years. The number of strawberry runner plants that rooted and plant row vigor were greater for the Weed Mat, Magic Mat and plots without the landscape fabric than for the Typar plots, particularly in the second and third season. Rooting of runner plants and plant row vigor was better with organic mulch. Landscape fabric tended to reduce extent of rooting, especially in the first season, but it was improved by the application of organic mulch.

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Deborah Willard and Harlene Hatterman Valenti

landscape fabric (The Tessman Co., Fargo, ND)] and two herbicide treatments (glyphosate at 0.75 lb/acre plus oryzalin at 2 lb/acre, and linuron at 1.7 lb/acre in year 1 followed in by flumioxazin at 1 oz/acre in year 2). A control group that received hand

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William K. Harris, Joyce G. Latimer, John F. Freeborn, Margaret Aiken and Holly L. Scoggins

Ornamental grasses have recently increased in popularity in the landscape and nursery industry ( Cameron, 2004 ; Thetford et al., 2009 ). Most ornamental grasses are grown in containers, and are inherently more susceptible to winter damage from

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Gabriele Amoroso, Piero Frangi, Riccardo Piatti, Alessio Fini, Francesco Ferrini and Marco Faoro

During the last few years only a few species have been regularly used in the European urban landscape [i.e., herbaceous species or evergreen shrubs such as cotoneaster ( Cotoneaster spp.) and honeysuckle ( Lonicera spp.)], but many other species

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John Cline, Gerry Neilsen, Eugene Hogue, Shawn Kuchta and Denise Neilsen

minimize treatment interference. Treatments consisted of: 1) glyphosate check, 2) SOM, 3) SOM over 4.5 kg·m −2 (45 Mg·ha −1 DW basis) MCB, 4) SOM over black landscape fabric (Pro-Weed-X®; Dalen Products, Knoxville, TN), 5) SOM over a 0.6-mil spunbound

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Mack Thetford, Jeffrey G. Norcini, Barry Ballard and James H. Aldrich

loam (2.1% organic matter, 1% slope, typic paleudults)]. The garden rows contained 3-ft-wide synthetic mulch [plastic (SRC) or landscape fabric (LC)] with a 2-ft-diameter circle removed at the site of each planting hole. All synthetic mulch and the bare

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Renee H. Harkins, Bernadine C. Strik and David R. Bryla

contact herbicides are commonly used in conventional blackberry plantings ( Barney et al., 2007 ; Bushway et al., 2008 ), but chemical options are limited for organic production. Perforated landscape fabric, often referred to as weed mat, is an

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Amy O'Leary, Paul Henry and She-Kong Chong

153 ORAL SESSION 31 (Abstr. 596–601) Woody Ornamentals/Landscape/Turf: Stress Physiology/Crop Protection

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Paul H. Henry and She-Kong Chong

32 ORAL SESSION 1 (Abstr. 387–391) Crop Protection & Weed Control–Woody Ornamentals/Landscape/Turf

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Emily K. Dixon, Bernadine C. Strik, Luis R. Valenzuela-Estrada and David R. Bryla

remove them only before harvest. However, weeds compete with blackberry plants and can significantly reduce yield when left unmanaged ( Harkins et al., 2013 ; Meyers et al., 2014 ). The use of a perforated landscape fabric, or “weed mat,” as a barrier to