Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 583 items for :

  • labor efficiency x
Clear All

Abstract

A 2-year study involving 15 garden vegetables and 5 different-sized gardens was conducted to assess land, labor, and production efficiency. As garden size increased, total production increased, but yield per unit area decreased. Relative labor inputs varied with garden size, but were greatest for harvesting (38%) followed by planting (23%), miscellaneous (22%), and weeding (17%). The highest production in relationship to labor and land use was obtained with beets, carrots, cucumbers, onions, tomatoes, and summer squash. The poorest yielding crops were pole and bush beans, sweet corn, peas, peppers, and radishes. Total vegetable yield for the 2-year study averaged 6.2 kg/m2.

Open Access

including labor, production space, and materials ( Fisher et al., 2016 ). As a result, benchmarking within and across greenhouse firms is a valuable tool to evaluate efficiency. Business benchmarking establishes specific measures for a business to compare

Free access

less labor-intensive. In our case, this system reduced the time needed for rotation by more than 10-fold. This increase in efficiency increases the feasibility of 1) large greenhouse experiments and 2) frequent pot rotation. Another benefit of this

Free access

efficiency, allowing them to load a semitrailer truck 30% faster with 33% fewer workers. In each case, owners and managers are making these adjustments not to eliminate current workers but rather to evolve their business to a new labor paradigm hallmarked by

Open Access

nurseries, it is noticeable that the remuneration of capital and labor factors simultaneously affects both the economies of SE and the allocative efficiency, deriving from the prices of purchasing productive means and services and from the sales of the

Free access

industry ( Takeda et al., 2008 , 2013 ). Mechanical harvesting blueberry fruit can substantially improve labor productivity and harvest efficiency while also reducing labor costs ( Brown et al., 1996 ; Casamali et al., 2016 ; Monroe and Levin, 1966

Full access

worker safety and harvest efficiency and facilitate the incorporation of mechanization and automation technologies. However, there are limited published reports on the role of canopy architecture on harvest labor efficiency and safety ( Ampatzidis et al

Free access

traditionally harvested manually. However, the shortage of manpower for harvesting on the one hand and increasing labor costs on the other ( Birger et al., 2008 ; Ferguson et al., 2010 ; Vega Macias et al., 2005 ) have encouraged researchers and growers to

Free access

canopies or vertical systems and improve light distribution within the canopy because of their two-dimensional light exposure ( Caruso et al., 1997 ; De Salvador and DeJong, 1989 ; Wagenmakers, 1991 ). On the other hand, labor efficiency or yield per unit

Free access

research area. The size of their business was not sufficient to remain competitive in the market. As a result of the low level of current and intermediate assets, and the presence of excess labor and productivity, the efficiency of hazelnut farms was

Free access