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Bhimanagouda S. Patil, Kevin Crosby, David Byrne, and Kendal Hirschi

resistance. The improvement of food security to improve human health requires a paradigm shift in plant breeding to integrate nutrition ( DellaPenna, 1999 ). This will require coordination of scientists involved in plant breeding, human health, and

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J.B. Magee

The origins, demise and current status of some common misconceptions about the role of fruit and vegetables in human nutrition are discussed. Most, but not all, of the misconceptions were held by the public. The early widespread belief that tomatoes were poisonous was gradually overcome, and today the tomato is one of the most versatile and widely used foods in the diet. Recent reports suggest that consumption of tomatoes and tomato products has the potential to reduce the risk of certain cancers. Our current awareness of the potential of spinach in nutrition and health evolved from an early misconception that its only important nutritive value was as a source of iron. The connection between foods from the nightshade family and arthritis and the connection of cherries and gout relief are discussed briefly. The misconception that a wide variety of fruit and vegetables was not needed in the human diet was rejected long ago. Today fruit and vegetables are considered essential for their intrinsic nutritive value and for their potential health functionality because of the phytochemicals they contain.

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Natalie Bumgarner, Sheri Dorn, Esther McGinnis, Pam Bennett, Ellen Bauske, Sarada Krishnan, and Lucy Bradley

contributions from medicine, public health, human nutrition, social science, and environmental psychology ( Bratman et al., 2015b ; Bringslimark et al., 2009 ; de Vries et al., 2003 ; Dorn et al., 2018 ; Goldman, 2014 ; Kaplan and Kaplan, 1989 ; Simon

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John S. Caldwell and Marilyn S. Prehm

1 Associate professor, Dept. of Horticulture. 2 Assistant professor, Dept. of Human Nutrition and Foods. We thank Robert Frary, Assistant Director for Research & Measurement, VPI & SU, for Statistical Analysis of Student Evaluations. The

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Dean A. Kopsell, Carl E. Sams, T. Casey Barickman, Dennis E. Deyton, and David E. Kopsell

Effect of selenium foliar applications on chicory ( Cichorium intybus L.) J. Agr. Food Chem. 55 795 798 Gissel-Nielsen, G. Gupta, U.C. Lamand, M. Westermarck, T. 1984 Selenium in soils and plants and its importance in livestock and human nutrition Adv

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Harbans L. Bhardwaj and Anwar A. Hamama

nutritionally healthful. The contents of Fe and Zn, two elements with worldwide deficiency in human diets, were unaffected by cultivars. Two cultivars developed at Kansas State University (‘KS 8200’ and ‘KS 8227’) had significantly higher S content (725 and 687

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Harbans L. Bhardwaj and Anwar A. Hamama

. In addition, we also evaluated the ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids [linoleic (C18:2) versus linolenic (C18:3) fatty acids] in canola sprouts resulting from considerable importance of this ratio in human nutrition. Materials and Methods Mature

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Tim D. Davis and Purwiyatno Hariyadi

) regarding human health and nutrition, there is a general need to diversify Indonesian diets, which are based largely on rice, to include more fruits and vegetables ( FAO, 2003 ); 2) horticultural crops generally require less land area than other crops and

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Bhimanagouda S. Patil, G.K. Jayaprakasha, and Amit Vikram

, sweetpotato/yam, sugarcane, and soybean) contribute ≈75% of human food ( Prohens et al., 2003 ). It is now well established that diets rich in fruits and vegetables (FAV) may have protective effects against cardiovascular disease and certain forms of cancer

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Ryohei Koyama, Hiromichi Itoh, Syuji Kimura, Ai Morioka, and Yuichi Uno

( Blokhina et al., 2003 ; Romani et al., 2002 ). These compounds evolved to detoxify reactive oxygen species in plants, but they also show beneficial activity against some human diseases related to oxidative damage and aging ( Fusco et al., 2007 ; Iwai