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in 1931 ( Brooks, 1931 ). It spread throughout the southeastern United States and was responsible for crown rot and death of many plants in strawberry nurseries in the 1970s ( Horn et al., 1972 ). It has a narrow host range, infecting only strawberry

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.A. Forister, M.L. Rezende Diniz, I. 2016 Seasonal variation in host plant specialization by folivorous lepidopterans: Contrasting patterns at the species and community levels Biotropica 48 491 498 Schwageral, C. 2016 Vanishing act: Why insects are declining

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differential hosts of the ECD set ( Table 1 ). Plants were grown in cone tubes (1.5 inch diameter × 5.5 inches deep) containing a 3:1 (v/v) potting mix: loam soil with a pH of 5.5. Twenty-eight cone tubes per ECD host were seeded in early Spring 2016. One

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commercial and experimental soybean cultivars for their reaction to Macrophomina phaseolina Plant Dis. 81 363 368 Su, G. Suh, S.O. Schneider, R.W. Rissin, J.S. 2000 Host specialization in the charcoal rot fungus, Macrophomina phaseolina Phytopathology 91

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preparation. A total of 20 isolates of P. capsici from different regions of Brazil and from different hosts were characterized ( Table 1 ). Brazilian isolates were identified by morphology and sequencing of the ITS region by Embrapa plant pathologists. The

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://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz102 Keesey IW Knaden M Hansson BS. 2015 Olfactory specialization in Drosophila suzukii supports an ecological shift in host preference from rotten to fresh fruit J Chem Ecol. 41 121 128 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886

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from different hosts as a result of physiological specialization ( Lee et al., 2001 ; Ristaino, 1990 ). Plants in this study were inoculated with a single isolate of P. capsici originally recovered from pepper in Michigan. The accessions evaluated in

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, richness, and host specialization in lepidopteran communities Ecosphere 1 1 22 Burghardt, K.T. Tallamy, D.W. 2015 Not all non-natives are equally unequal: Reductions in herbivore β-diversity depend on phylogenetic similarity to native plant

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incorporate compost made at the nursery from culled plant materials. Compost temperatures are monitored throughout the composting process. Incoming plants that are hosts for Phytophthora are tested for the presence of Phytophthora upon arrival. Fig. 5

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pepper cultivars (four of the pasilla-type plus the CW susceptible control). This combination yielded 30 treatments or combinations between the six phenotypes of the pathogen and the five cultivars of the host. Six replicates (plants) were used per

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