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Elisabeth Hodgdon, Jennifer Bonina Noseworthy, and Rebecca Grube Sideman

(30 cm) hanging baskets. ‘Rambling Rose’ is open-pollinated and has a similar growth habit and yield compared with the red cultivars ‘Tumbler’, ‘Tumbling Tom’, ‘Terenzo’, and other cultivars developed for hanging basket production and retail plant

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Donglin Zhang and Michael G. Zuck

To grow and sell fully charged hanging baskets to the customers is the future trend of retail markets. Impatiens ×hawkeri Bull. `Guadeloupe' (New Guinea Impatiens, Paradise KNG Series) was grown under liquid fertilizer culture until it reached marketable size on 4 June 1999. Then three different fertilizers (two slow-release and one organic) were applied at concentrations of 1.2, 2.4, and 3.6 g pure nitrogen and all hanging baskets were placed in four different family-owned nurseries. Overall performance, media pH, electrical conductivity (EC), and nutrients were measured every 3 weeks and tissue nutrients were analyzed every 6 weeks. New Guinea Impatiens requires low-fertility. Mature plants survived 3 months without extra fertilizer. The best performance was observed under the 3.6 g pure nitrogen treatment. Medium pH ranged from 6.0 to 7.5. No significant effect was observed among the different fertilizers and concentrations. EC increased in the first 6 weeks, then decreased to the beginning level at about 0.5 dS/m after 12 weeks under all fertilizer treatments. Compared with organic fertilizer, slow-release fertilizers had significantly lower EC, especially during the first 9 weeks. Macronutrients in media followed the same trend as EC, as did N and P levels in leaf tissues. K levels in leaf tissues decreased under all treatments and Ca and Mg levels showed an opposite trend compared with medium ones. The results indicate that both slow-release and organic fertilizers can be applied to charge New Guinea Impatiens hanging baskets for 3 months.

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James E. Faust, Pamela C. Korczynski, and Uttara C. Samarakoon

quality ( Pasian, 1994 ). A greater understanding of how hanging baskets affect the greenhouse light environment will allow for the optimization of crop production; i.e., maximizing hanging basket production while minimizing the reduction in bench or floor

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Heidi M. Wollaeger, Kristin L. Getter, and Bridget K. Behe

). The second survey conjoint set was identical, except it displayed flowering ornamental plants in 30-cm hanging baskets with a price and method of production ( Fig. 2 ). The third survey conjoint set displayed flowering ornamental plants intended for

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David Llewellyn, Youbin Zheng, and Mike Dixon

north–south. Table 1. Geographic location and characteristics of the three different hanging basket (HB) architectures surveyed. Quantum sensors (SQ-110; Apogee Instruments, Logan, UT) were affixed to leveling plates and connected to data loggers (HOBO U

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James A. Schrader, Christopher J. Currey, Nicholas J. Flax, David Grewell, and William R. Graves

(marigold and petunia). The second experiment examined the performance of pelletized biopolymer fertilizer and biopolymer fertilizer spikes on the postproduction growth and health of container ornamentals in 12-inch hanging baskets and 13-inch patio planters

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Jasmine J. Mah, David Llewellyn, and Youbin Zheng

horticulture Environ. Expt. Bot. 121 4 21 Faust, J.E. 2003 Light. In: D. Hamrick (ed.). Ball RedBook, Vol. 2: Crop production. 17th ed. Ball Publishing, Batavia, IL Faust, J.E. Korczynski, P.C. Samarakoon, U.C. 2014 Quantifying the effects of hanging baskets on

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Terri Woods Starman, Millie S. Williams, and James E. Faust

The objective was to determine the optimum number of plants and the number of pinches required to market a basket for hanging basket production using alternative floriculture species. The number of plants per pot varied from one to four, and the number of manual pinches per basket ranged from 0 to 2. Several species were evaluated in spring of 1996 and heat tolerance was assessed throughout the summer. Plugs (50–95 plugs per flat) were transplanted into 25-cm hanging baskets in a 22/18°C (venting/night temperature set points) glasshouse. Three to four plants were necessary for Scaevola aemula `Fancy Fan Falls' and Evolvulus glomeratus `Blue Daze' to produce a marketable basket. One plant per pot was sufficient for Abutilon hybrid `Apricot', Portulaca oleraceae `Apricot', and Tibouchina `Spanish Shaw' without sacrificing quality; however, an additional 1 to 3 weeks production time was needed in comparison to the four plants per pot treatment. Abutilon and Portulaca required one pinch, while Tibouchina did not require pinching. All plants × pinch combinations produced quality baskets with Sutera cordata `Mauve Mist' and Diascia hybrid `Ruby Fields'; therefore, production methods should be based on growers' scheduling and cost analysis. Abutilon, Evolvulus, Portulaca, Scaevola, and Tibouchina performed well in hanging baskets throughout the summer. Two species in the trial, Orthosiphon stamineus `Lavender' and Tabernamontana coronaria, displayed upright growth habits and would be best for uses other than hanging basket production.

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Terri Woods Starman and James E. Faust

The objective was to provide options for hanging basket production schedules by varying the number of plants per pot (one to four) and the number of manual pinches per basket (zero to two). Several species were evaluated in Spring 1995 and heat tolerance was assessed throughout the summer. Plugs (82 plugs per flat) were transplanted into 25-cm hanging baskets in a 22/18°C (venting/night temperature set points) glasshouse. Bacopa speciosa `Snowflake', Brachycome iberidifolia `Crystal Falls', Helichrysum bracteatum `Golden Beauty', Scaevola aemula `New Blue Wonder', and Streptocarpella hybrid `Concord Blue' produced quality baskets with three or more plugs per basket and no pinch. Pentas lanceolata `Starburst' and Lysimachia procumbens (Golden Globes) produced quality baskets with fewer than three plants per basket if plants received at least one pinch, however length of growing time was increased. Pentas lanceolata `Starburst', Scaevola aemula `New Blue Wonder', and Streptocarpella hybrid `Concord Blue' proved to be heat tolerant, blooming throughout the summer. Bacopa speciosa `Snowflake', Brachycome iberidifolia `Crystal Falls', and Lysimachia procumbens (Golden Globes) were not heat tolerant, i.e., ceased developing flowers in June and resumed flowering in September. Bidens ferulifolium did not produce an acceptable quality hanging basket under any experimental treatments.

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Jeffrey G. Norcini, Judith M. McDowell, and James H. Aldrich

Profitability and production of hanging baskets of bougainvillea, a short day species, could increase if vegetative growth and flowering were more easily controlled. Three-month-old rooted liners of Bougainvillea `Barbara Karst' and `Rainbow Gold' were transplanted into 4.5-liter hanging baskets (3 liners/basket) in late April (Expt. 1) or late July 1991 (Expt. 2) and pruned 2 or 3 days later. Selected combinations of 0, 600, 800, 1200, or 1600 ppm dikegulac were applied at 0, 2, and 4 weeks after initial pruning. Control plants were also pruned at 4 weeks. Plants were grown under full sun. Peak flowering occurred 9 to 10 weeks after initial pruning in both experiments. Dikegulac enhanced flowering of both cultivars under increasing and decreasing daylengths but was greatest under increasing daylengths, especially for `Rainbow Gold'. There was little to no effect on branching.