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(EBCs) ( Agarie et al., 2007 ). This characteristic not only brings appealing salty and succulent (i.e., juicy) flavor but implies potential of this plant to deal with salinization of soil and water. In the halophyte database produced by Menzel et al

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Mediterranean countries. It has fleshy leaves, is covered with white scales and bright pink flowers that become violet after drying and are borne in branched spikes during June to August ( Blamey and Grey-Wilson, 1993 ). It is a valuable multipurpose halophyte

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proteins ( Bose et al., 2013 ; Rady et al., 2018 ). Plants that can survive and reproduce in sodium chloride (NaCl) concentrations 200 m m or greater are called halophytes ( Flowers and Colmer, 2008 ). Halophytes have evolved many growth responses to

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types, pH levels, and salinity levels, which makes it one of the most widespread and common halophyte species in the United States ( Ungar, 1974 ). Attributes of saltgrass also include excellent wear, compaction, and drought tolerance ( Kopec and Marcum

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Relative salinity tolerance of 21 desert saltgrass accessions (Distichlis spicata [L.] Greene var. stricta (Torr.) Beetle), and one hybrid bermudagrass `Midiron' (Cynodon dactylon [L.] Pers. var. dactylon × C. transvaalensis Burtt-Davy `Midiron') were determined via solution culture in a controlled-environment greenhouse. Salinity in treatment tanks was gradually raised, and grasses progressively exposed to 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0 m total salinity in sequence. Grasses were held at each salinity level for 1 week, followed by determination of relative salinity injury. Relative (to control) live green shoot weight (SW), relative root weight (RW), and % canopy green leaf area (GLA) were highly correlated with one-another (all r values >0.7), being mutually effective indicators of relative salinity tolerance. The range of salinity tolerance among desert saltgrass accessions was substantial, though all were more tolerant than bermudagrass. Accessions A77, A48, and A55 suffered little visual shoot injury, and continued shoot and root growth at a low level, when exposed up to 1.0 m (71,625 mg·L–1); sea water is about 35,000 mg·L–1), and therefore can be considered halophytes.

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from plants to produce high-quality food and remedies that are affordable to consumers ( Falleh et al., 2011 ). Mesembryanthemum species (of the Aizoaceae family) are halophytes widely found in semiarid zones of Tunisia ( Adams et al., 1998 ; Bohnert

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To determine its effect on salinity of the growth medium and on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) growth and yield, the halophyte Suaeda salsa (L.) Pallas, or seepweed, was planted as a companion plant in the closed insulated pallet system (CIPS). In this production system, water moves from a bottom reservoir through capillary wicks to the medium in the root pouch in response to plant uptake. Fertilizers are placed at the top surface of the root matrix, so nutrient ions move downward to the roots by chemical ion diffusion to establish relatively stable chemical gradients within the matrix. Plants were subjected to capillary subirrigation water containing 0 or 4 g·L–1 NaCl. Sodium (Na+) concentration of the root medium at termination was 50% lower when S. salsa was grown in the same pouch with tomato. Sodium concentration was also significantly less in the tomato foliage, but S. salsa did not prevent suppression of growth of tomato plants by NaCl. Suaeda salsa plants reduced blossom end rot of tomato fruit but did not significantly affect fruit weight, number or yield.

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Abstract

‘Beersheva’ suaeda (Suaeda vera Forssk.), Chenopodiaceae, was released by the Arizona Agricultural Experiment Station to provide a salt-tolerant, drought-tolerant, bright green, perennial groundcover adapted to the arid southwestern United States and similar regions of the world.

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without growth inhibition and reduced productivity, while providing a saleable product ( Adler et al., 2003 ; Grieve and Suarez, 1997 ). Suaeda glauca , an annual halophyte growing in saline–alkaline soils in North China ( Guan et al., 2013 ), has a high

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