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Hongfei Jiang, Jack D. Fry, and Steve C. Wiest

1 Former Graduate Research Assistant. 2 Associate Professor. Contribution no. 97-474-J of the Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station. Thanks are extended to Cliff Dipman, golf course superintendent at the Manhattan Country Club, Manhattan

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John J. Haydu, Alan. W. Hodges, and Charles R. Hall

, TPI provided funding and an economic impact study of the U.S. turfgrass industry was undertaken covering five major sectors: sod farms, lawncare services, lawn and garden retail stores, lawn equipment manufacturing, and golf courses ( Haydu et al

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Yuhung Lin and Yaling Qian

wastewater (recycled water) for landscape irrigation. Golf courses are the leading urban landscape users of recycled water. The total area of golf courses in the United States was 608,732 ha in 2007. It is estimated that during 2003 to 2005, 80% of maintained

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Dale A. Devitt, Lena Wright, Daniel C. Bowman, Robert L. Morris, and Michelle Lockett

Many golf courses in the southwestern United States are transitioning to reuse water for irrigation purposes. In Las Vegas, NV, 30 of 53 golf courses now irrigate with reuse water. As communities grow in size, the amount of reuse water generated

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Eric Watkins, Andrew B. Hollman, and Brian P. Horgan

The environmental impact of golf courses has been studied increasingly in recent years. King et al. (2007) studied storm runoff from a golf course in Texas and found that although nitrogen concentrations in runoff were not a concern, phosphorus

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Huisen Zhu and Deying Li

Based on a national survey, golf courses in the United States used 2.3 million acre-ft of irrigation water per year during 2004–05, with 12% of all golf facilities using recycled water as one of the water sources ( Throssell et al., 2009 ). Recycled

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Lakshmy Gopinath, Justin Quetone Moss, and Yanqi Wu

Bermudagrass ( Cynodon spp.) is the most important, widely adapted warm-season turfgrass and is commonly used in golf course putting greens in the transition zone. Many golf courses in this region are converting their putting greens from the cool

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Anne M. Lockett, Dale A. Devitt, and Robert L. Morris

( Carrow and Duncan, 1998 ; U.S. Golf Association, 1994 ). Successful development of a program for reuse water use in southern Nevada has evolved closely with the golf course industries and the general public's acceptance of reuse water. Southern Nevada

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Monica L. Elliott, J.A. McInroy, K. Xiong, J.H. Kim, H.D. Skipper, and E.A. Guertal

Golf course putting greens are composed of a turfgrass monoculture. In the southeastern United States, bentgrass ( Agrostis palustris Huds.) and hybrid bermudagrass [ Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. × C. transvaalensis Burtt-Davy] are the dominant

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Derald A. Harp

A major problem in golf course construction is trying to optimize the use of existing vegetation, especially trees. In North Central Texas, this is made more difficult by the predominance of post oak (Quercus stellata), a tree that declines severely when cultural conditions are modified. The purpose of this project was to create a map using GPS technology of the existing trees, before final planning and construction of the golf course. In addition to the map, a database was created which would be used for future maintenance and management decisions. The GPS equipment consisted of a Trimble PRO-XRS GPS receiver and Trimble TDC-1 data logger and a Laser Atlanta laser rangefinder. Information collected for the database included tree number, latitude, longitude, number, identification, caliper, estimated height, and quality. Quality ratings were defined as 1) specimen, 2) good, 3) fair, 4) poor, 5) unacceptable. Tree numbers were placed on each tree rated above unacceptable, using metal tree tags. Height estimates were made using the vertical offset feature of the GPS equipment. Base maps were created using Pathfinder Office. Hard copy maps were printed, and digital copies were saved in raw and.dxf format for importation into AutoCAD. This map was combined with existing course plans and adjustments were made to save as many specimen trees as possible. Raw information was also imported into a Microsoft Access 97 database. This project created a database and maps that will provide important information in the future, and the development of the course with minimal loss of specimen trees.