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Ramon Arancibia, Manuel Palada, Mack Thetford, and Shibu Jose

Specialty cut flowers may be suited to sustainable production system in the tropics and an agroforestry approach was developed to add a commercial value to unused forest areas. Ginger lily (Alpinia purpurata), a specialty tropical cut flower, was planted under a sustainable alley cropping system with moringa (Moringa oleifera), to evaluate the biophysical interactions between system components. Moringa trees were planted in rows 5 m apart and were 5 years old at the time ginger lilies were planted on 1 June 2005. Two rows of ginger lilies spaced 0.6 m in row and 1.7 m between rows were planted on a 1-foot-high bed between moringa rows when trees were about 6 m tall. Alley plot length was 10 m. After a month, plant establishment was 96%. In July, the moringa trees were pruned down to 1.5 m and the biomass (foliage) was used as green manure. Ginger lilies were also mulched with straw. Plots were gradually shaded as moringa shoots developed reducing the photosynthetic photon flux to 40% of direct sun light in September and to 15% four months later. Six months after planting, height and number of shoots in shaded ginger lilies were 58% and 30% of plants in full sun, respectively. Ginger lilies began to flower 5 months after planting in the sunny plots, but no flowers were produced after 7 months in the shady plots. Since soil and tissue nitrate-N was the same between treatments, moringa biomass appears to be insufficient to increase the nutrient status of the crop. In addition, the low light intensity in the alley appears to be suboptimal for growth and production of ginger lilies.

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Yukihiro Fujime

VEGETABLES: KIND AND CHARACTER Many indigenous vegetables ( Table 1 ) such as water dropwort, japanese hornwort, wasabi, japanese butterbur, rakkyo, chinese chive, asatsuki, goldband lily, mioga ginger, and japanese pepper have been grown since ≈2000 years

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Mathews L. Paret, Asoka S. de Silva, Richard A. Criley, and Anne M. Alvarez

distilled water (dH 2 O), vortexed, and adjusted spectrophotometrically to A 600nm = 0.1, which corresponds to 10 8 cfu/mL. Seeds of important ornamental gingers such as red ginger, pink ginger, white ginger, red ginger lily ( Hedychium coccineum ), siam

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) . Red, pink, white, yellow, shampoo, kahili, beehive, spiral, and shell gingers; red ginger lily, siam tulip, white turmeric, and globba species were highly susceptible. The pathogen survived in the root zone of edible ginger plants and was recovered

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Kenneth W. Leonhardt

deal with reducing or eliminating seed production as a means of invasiveness, which is not meant to imply that clonal propagation cannot also lead to invasiveness. Kahili ginger ( Hedychium gardnerianum ), yellow ginger ( H. flavescens ), and white

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Hamidou F. Sakhanokho, Anthony L. Witcher, Cecil T. Pounders, and James M. Spiers

Cited Adams, R.S. 1999 Propagation and cultivation of selected gingers in north Florida Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 112 114 115 Carey, D. Avent, T. 2010 Hedychium —Ginger lilies for the garden. 12 Sept. 2011. <

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Xiaojie Zhao, Guihong Bi, Richard L. Harkess, Jac J. Varco, Tongyin Li, and Eugene K. Blythe

positive relation with 2012 N rate, which is consistent with studies on ‘Casa Blanca’ lily ( Lilium L.) and the rhizomatous plants ginger ( Globba rosae L.) and siam tulip ( Ruamrungsri et al., 2005 , 2007 ; Zhu et al., 2012 ). Plants receiving the 0 m

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. The number of trees to be distributed will eventually total 184,000 and is by far the largest urban reforestation project of its kind in Florida. Growth and Production of Ginger Lilies under a Sustainable Agroforestry System with Moringa in the U

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Sangho Jeon, Charles S. Krasnow, Gemini D. Bhalsod, Blair R. Harlan, Mary K. Hausbeck, Steven I. Safferman, and Wei Zhang

). Etridiazole effectively reduced pythium root rot in poinsettia and easter lily ( Lilium longiflorum ) when applied as a soil drench ( Ascerno et al., 1981 ; Hausbeck and Harlan, 2013b ; Raabe et al., 1981 ). Also, etridiazole is one of the few commercial