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recognized ( Zhao et al., 2010 ). This workshop on the “Horticultural Value of Wild Plant Genetic Resources” was held at the 2010 American Society for Horticultural Science Annual Conference in Palm Desert, CA, and was organized by the Genetics and Germplasm

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1 ) and extensive germplasm holdings of institutions across the former USSR are described. It is the aim of this review to highlight the great genetic diversity that is available and to bring increased attention to the valuable genetic resources that

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, because germplasm from Central Asia can be used to improve many aspects of apricot culture, as shown in the work of Ledbetter (2009) and Ledbetter et al. (2006) regarding sugar profiles of the fruit. More extensive use of these genetic resources could

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distributed in southern China. However, there is limited information on the characterization of these germplasm resources. Xie (2004) collected three natural populations from Guangzhou in China and analyzed their genetic diversity by random amplified

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. (2018) has been performed. To better conserve and use genetic resources, characterization designs of morphological variability within the collections and selection of the most significant variables should be performed carefully ( Giraldo et al., 2010

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USDA's National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS) maintains the world's largest living collection of plant genetic resources. The NPGS is tasked with acquiring, preserving, characterizing, and distributing the over 450,000 accessions. Major components

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Abstract

The genetic diversity of crops, represented by traditional local cultivars and wild relatives, has been disappearing rapidly during recent decades. Plant explorers have been active for centuries; however, concerted international activities were initiated only in the early 1960s by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. Technical conferences organized by FAO in 1961, 1967, and 1973 created general awareness for the need to conserve crop genetic resources. Both the 1973 Technical Conference and the United Nations Environment Conference at Stockholm in 1972, led to recommendations for a global program. Subsequently, the International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR) was established by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) and started its work in 1974. The FAO agreed to provide headquarters for the IBPGR.

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, 2002 ). Using diverse plum resources to broaden the genetic base of worldwide plum cultivars and improving local plum cultivars for development of plum industry in China are important objectives for plum breeders. As an origin center of Chinese plum

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GEN RES 068 Safenut EU program covering the characterization, conservation, and utilization of genetic resources. Materials and Methods Development of the hazelnut-specific medium. Prunus dulcis was chosen as the reference species

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classified into one cultivated and 12 wild species (Peralta et al., 2008 ). The USDA, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Plant Genetic Resources Unit (PGRU) conserves 6610 tomato accessions in the form of publicly available seed stocks (USDA, ARS, 2021a

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