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Hongmei Ma, Margaret Pooler, and Robert Griesbach

albescent Phalaenopsis amabilis phenotype (white petals and sepals with an anthocyanin-pigmented labellum) could be complemented by transient expression of Z. mays Lc and C1 regulatory genes ( Griesbach and Klein, 1993 ; Ma et al., 2008 ). To further

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Robert J. Griesbach, Ronald M. Beck, John Hammond, and John R. Stommel

when A. Howard released the cultivar ‘Howard's Star’ in the late 1800s, which is in the genetic background of nearly every modern star cultivar. Anthocyanin biosynthetic gene expression within the white and colored tissues of the Star mutation has

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Lin Zhou, Qianqian Shi, Yan Wang, Kui Li, Baoqiang Zheng, and Kun Miao

Gene expression analysis is increasingly important to understand the molecular mechanisms of plant biological processes, such as growth and development, and biotic and abiotic stress responses ( Huang et al., 2010 ; Koo et al., 2010 ; Ren et al

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Heidi Hargarten, Sumyya Waliullah, Lee Kalcsits, and Loren A. Honaas

severity is often cultivar dependent, with some cultivars being predisposed to specific physiological defects over the course of long-term storage ( Larrigaudière et al., 2016 ). Examining changes in gene expression during the postharvest period will 1

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Gordon J. Lightbourn, John R. Stommel, and Robert J. Griesbach

). Anthocyanin structural gene transcription requires the expression of at least one of each of three distinct transcription factor families: MYC, MYB, and WD40 ( Griesbach, 2005 ). The Myc gene family encode proteins characteristic of human MYC oncoprotein

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Jollanda Effendy, Don R. La Bonte, and Niranjan Baisakh

objective in this study was to directly identify critical physiological processes involved in the healing process by examining gene expression changes after intentional skinning. Materials and Methods Plant materials and skinning treatment. Freshly harvested

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Xianqin Qiu, Hongying Jian, Qigang Wang, Kaixue Tang, and Manzhu Bao

are therefore candidate Mlo orthologs. Gene expression analysis has become increasingly important in many fields of biological research. Understanding patterns of expressed genes is expected to provide insight into complex regulatory networks and

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Jibiao Fan, Jing Ren, Weixi Zhu, Erick Amombo, Jinmin Fu, and Liang Chen

of corresponding genes ( Levitt, 1980 ). Elevated cold tolerance can be accompanied by the increase in expression of specific genes encoding antioxidant enzymes ( Baek and Skinner, 2003 ). Kayihan et al. (2012) investigated the effects of cold

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Bao-Cheng Ma, Wan-Li Tang, Li-Yan Ma, Ling-Ling Li, Lu-Bin Zhang, Shi-Jiang Zhu, Chuxiong Zhuang, and Donald Irving

). Expression of PR genes serves as a convenient marker for monitoring SAR ( Dong, 1996 ). Because chitinase in plant tissues degrades chitin in fungal cell walls and can inhibit fungal growth ( Arlorio et al., 1992 ; Leah et al., 1991 ), expression of

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Kai Zhao, Feng Zhang, Yi Yang, Yue Ma, Yuexue Liu, He Li, Hongyan Dai, and Zhihong Zhang

were first inserted into the pKANNIBAL vector ( Wesley et al., 2001 ). The recombinant pKANNIBAL vector and the plant expression vector pART27 were digested with Not I. The vector fragment including the MdGA20-ox gene sequence was ligated into the