Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 819 items for :

  • fruit split x
  • All content x
Clear All
Free access

M. Lenny Wells and Bruce W. Wood

Water-stage fruit-split (WSFS) of pecan is often a major problem exhibited by thin-shelled pecan [ Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch] cultivars (e.g., ‘Schley’, ‘Oconee’, ‘Sumner’, ‘Wichita’, ‘Frotcher’, and ‘Farley’) and, to a lesser degree

Free access

Bruce W. Wood and Charles C. Reilly

Water stage fruit split (WS) is an erratic and complex problem often causing major crop losses to susceptible pecan [Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch] cultivars. This study identified two episodes of WS for `Wichita' pecan—a highly susceptible cultivar. The previously recognized precipitation-induced fruit splitting is the major episode; however, a previously unrecognized precipitation-independent, minor episode can also occured before the major episode. This minor episode was associated with the low solar irradiance and high relative humidity—conditions commonly associated with August rains. The crop characteristics of affected trees also influenced WS in that WS increased as crop load per tree increased. Fruits were also more likely to exhibit WS if located within the lower tree canopy. Treatment of foliage with an antitranspirant immediately before split-inducing conditions increased WS. Maintenance of moist soils for ≈2 weeks before WS-inducing conditions substantially reduced WS-related crop losses. These findings help to explain the erratic nature of WS and indicate that maintenance of trees in a well-watered state for ≈2 weeks before the initiation of shell hardening may substantially reduce WS-related crop losses in certain years.

Free access

Stephen F. Klauer, Chuhe Chen, and J. Scott Cameron

139 ORAL SESSION 28 (Abstr. 622-628) Small Fruit/Viticulture: Crop Production Wednesday, 26 July, 10:00-11:45 a.m

Free access

Benjamin G. Mullinix, Dean R. Evert, and Kerry Harrison

Fruit Crops

Free access

Donna A. Marshall, James M. Spiers, and Kenneth J. Curry

the fruit was not sufficient to eliminate splitting. After a rainfall, split berries were harvested from both uncovered as well as covered plants. As expected, plants had significantly more split berries if left uncovered (30.40%) than did covered

Free access

Chengyan Yue, R. Karina Gallardo, James J. Luby, Alicia L. Rihn, James R. McFerson, Vicki McCracken, Tom Gradziel, Ksenija Gasic, Gregory L. Reighard, John Clark, and Amy Iezzoni

for fresh peaches included shelf life, shipping ability, and aroma. Traits assessed for processed peach producers included fruit traits (size, flesh color, flavor, texture, firmness, absence of split pits) and tree traits (disease resistance

Full access

Xinhua Yin, Jinhe Bai, and Clark F. Seavert

), and improved weed control were frequently observed with split N fertigation compared with surface broadcasting of N in several fruit species. For example, yield of tart cherry ( Prunus avium ) was comparable or even higher, but nitrate leaching

Free access

Michael W. Smith

next year's crop ( Amling and Amling, 1983 ); however, differentiation is delayed until bud swell in March ( Wetzstein and Sparks, 1983 ). Deposition of cotyledonary materials (dough stage) immediately follows the gel stage. Fruit ripen (shuck split) in

Full access

YanLing Zheng, GaoJuan Zhao, and HuanCheng Ma

20 m tall, with old trees up to 60 m in wet tropical weather. The brown, mature fruit of kapok split open on the tree and the seeds disperse by wind making it difficult to collect fully mature seeds. Generally, unsplit fruit, which can be brown or

Full access

James W. Olmstead and Chad E. Finn

Highbush blueberry production passed the 1-billion-pound mark for the first time in 2012 ( Brazelton, 2013 ). From 2010–12, there was a near equal split between highbush blueberry fruit sent to fresh or process markets ( Brazelton, 2013 ). Until