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Rachel P. Naegele and Mary K. Hausbeck

, foliar blight, and a fruit rot. A significant challenge for breeding resistant peppers is the high genetic and virulence diversity of the pathogen found in the field ( Castro-Rocha et al., 2016 ; Granke et al., 2012a ; Lamour and Hausbeck, 2000 , 2001

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Charles S. Krasnow, Rachel P. Naegele, and Mary K. Hausbeck

, pumpkins, and cucumbers in the United States with more than 68,500 acres of vegetable crops susceptible to P. capsici grown annually ( Anonymous, 2013 ). In the midwest and eastern United States, P. capsici commonly causes a fruit rot on cucurbits and

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Jennifer Johnson-Cicalese, James J. Polashock, Josh A. Honig, Jennifer Vaiciunas, Daniel L. Ward, and Nicholi Vorsa

the industry is fruit rot. Cranberry fruit rot is caused by a complex of fungi from at least 12 genera ( Oudemans et al., 1998 ). In New Jersey, 25% fruit loss is common, even with multiple, carefully timed fungicide applications beginning during mid

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James J. Polashock, Robert A. Saftner, and Matthew Kramer

Much of the highbush blueberry crop goes to fresh market and postharvest decay is an ongoing problem. The most important postharvest disease of blueberry is anthracnose fruit rot [causal agent Colletotrichum acutatum and, in some growing regions

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Chandrasekar S. Kousik, Jennifer L. Ikerd, Patrick Wechter, Howard Harrison, and Amnon Levi

rot are prevalent. Between 2003 and 2008 many watermelon growers in Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina did not harvest their crop as a result of severe fruit rot. In some instances fruits rotted after shipping, resulting in rejection of entire

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Charles S. Krasnow and Mary K. Hausbeck

Phytophthora capsici is a destructive pathogen of cucurbit and solanaceous vegetables. All cultivars of squash are considered susceptible to phytophthora root, crown, and fruit rot ( Babadoost and Islam, 2003 ; Cafe et al., 1995 ); losses in

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Christian A. Wyenandt, Landon H. Rhodes, Mark A. Bennett, and Richard M. Riedel

; Mills et al., 2002 ; Mitchell and Teel, 1977 ; Price and Baughan, 1987 ; Vaughan and Evanylo, 1998 ). Soil splashing can help disseminate important fungal pathogens of tomato such as anthracnose fruit rot, early blight ( Alternaria solani ), and

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Jan van Niekerk, Charl Kotze, Jade North, and Paul Cronje

cultivar. In South Africa, brown rot of fruit is primarily incited by Phytophthora nicotianae or Phytophthora citrophthora ( Meitz-Hopkins et al., 2013 ). It is a disease that can severely reduce yield, fruit quality, or both in the orchard or in the

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Annie R. Vogel, Rachael S. White, Clark MacAllister, and Cain C. Hickey

cluster exposure by thinning dense canopies that can otherwise exacerbate rot incidence and severity ( English et al., 1989 ; Hed et al., 2009 ; Hickey et al., 2018b ; Wolf et al., 1986 ). Fruit zone leaf removal is used to decrease rot incidence ( Hed

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Paolo Sabbatini and G. Stanley Howell

.g., light exposure and air circulation) that reduces conditions favorable to bunch rot complex diseases ( Percival et al., 1994 ; Reynolds et al., 1986 , 1996 ; Zoecklein et al., 1992 ) while improving fruit quality ( Smart et al., 1990 ), in particular