Postharvest Pathogens and Disease Management . 2005. P. Narayanasamy. John Wiley, Somerset, NJ. 578 pages. $135.00. Hardcover. ISBN: 978-0-471-74303-3 Postharvest diseases are responsible for the spoilage of durable and fresh perishable
Joseph L. Smilanick
Kent E. Cushman, William B. Evans, David M. Ingram, Patrick D. Gerard, R. Allen Straw, Craig H. Canaday, Jim E. Wyatt, and Michael M. Kenty
integrated pest management models that forecast environmental conditions conducive to growth and infection by one or more pathogens. Models have been developed to forecast weather conditions favorable for disease occurrence such as TOM-CAST for tomato early
Liming Chen, Heping Zhu, Leona Horst, Matthew Wallhead, Michael Reding, and Amy Fulcher
In commercial fruit farms and ornamental tree nurseries, producers generally use integrated pest management tactics, including pesticide treatments, to control a variety of insect and plant disease pests ( Beckerman, 2018 ; Braman et al., 2015
Arthur S. Greathead
The use of disease-free greenhouse-grown plug transplants for the establishment of field plantings of many vegetable crops in the arid west and southwestern regions of the United States has become a very important part of the agricultural system in these areas. The development of effective disease-control programs for use in the greenhouse involves a broad knowledge of production systems, water management, growing media, cultural techniques, etc., as well as knowledge of the discipline of plant pathology. The consultant in this field also must know the people and organizations with whom he is working. His goal is not simply the passing on of technical information, but also assisting in the incorporation of that information into the total growing program. Good communication skills and the development of an atmosphere of trust between all parties concerned are a vital part of the consultant's work.
Hector Valenzuela, Robin Shimabuku, and John Cho
Pink root (Phomaterrestris) is among the major limiting factors for the production of sweet onions on Maui, Hawaii. Few management options exist for the control of pink root in onions. Two split-plot experiments were conducted in the area of Kula, Maui, over 2 years to evaluate several alternative management practices. In Expt. 1, the main plots were a rotation with cabbage, solarization with a clear plastic mulch, and a fallow period. Subplots were plus or minus Vapam fumigation. Sub-subplots were biomass application of Sudex or rape, inoculation with an EM biostimulant, and control. Each treatment had four replications for a total of 96 plots. In the follow-up experiment, the main plots were Vapam fumigation, rotation with either a Sudex or rape cover crop, and controls. The subplots were plus or minus EM biostimulant application. In Expt. 1, three separate treatments: solarization, cabbage rotation, and Sudex incorporation had a synergistic effect with Vapam fumigation. Fumigation and solarization also decreased pink root incidence. Rape contributed to a decreased disease incidence while EM contributed to increased bulb size. In Expt. 2, EM and rape contributed to increased yields. Rape and sorghum rotations contributed to decreased pink root incidence. EM inoculation had differential effects on several diseases, contributing to reduced bacterial bulb rot levels. The data indicate that growers may have several alternative management tools at their disposal, in addition to proper varietal selection, to improve yields and reduce disease incidence in sweet onions.
A field study was conducted to evaluate the effect of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) cultivar, seeding rate, N fertilization rate, and cutting height on the severity of dollar spot (Lanzia and Moellerodiscus spp.) disease incidence. All possible two-factor interactions among these four management factors were statistically significant when averaged over the 2 years of study. Disease severity tended to be lowest at low fescue seeding rate (2100 pure-live seeds/m*) at the lower (19 mm) height of cut. `Mustang', the turf-type cultivar with improved density, was more susceptible to dollar spot than `Kentucky-31', the common-type cultivar.
Harry Bottenberg, John Masiunas, Catherine Eastman, and Darin Eastburn
provided by Don Elliott, Jim Poppe, Doyle Dazey, and Kyle Krapf. We thank Asgrow Seed Company for donating the snapbean seed. Funding was provided by the Pesticide Impact Assessment and the Integrated Pest Management Programs, North Central Region.
Dermot P. Coyne, Eladio Arnaud Santana, James Beaver, James R. Steadman, Graciela Godoy Lutz, Douglas Maxwell, and Lisa Sutton
102 POSTER SESSION 4G (Abstr. 234–247) Disease Control–Cross-commodity
Brad Geary, Corey Ransom, Brad Brown, Dennis Atkinson, and Saad Hafez
the management of Columbia root-knot nematode Meloidogyne chitwoodi on tomato under greenhouse conditions Nematropica 29 171 177 Hartz, T.K. Bogle, C.R. Bender, D.A. Avila, F.A. 1989 Control of pink root disease in onion using solarization and
Iva Suzanne Wilson, George Ray McEachern, and J Dan Hanna
Canopy management experiments of hedging and/or leaf pruning, were conducted in 1988 and 1989 to examine their effect on yield, quality and disease control of `Chenin Blanc ' grapes in Southeast Texas. Vines hedged and/or leaf pruned in May reduced bunch rot. In 1988 all three treatments had a significant lower juice pH at harvest than the control. The combination treatment also had a higher yield.