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(deerberry) is the only species in Vaccinium section Polycodium , but it is highly polymorphic. Deerberries are endemic in North America and are found from southwestern Ontario to central Florida and west to eastern Texas ( Vander Kloet, 1988 ). As noted

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deerberry) is a highly polymorphic species with a native range extending from southeastern Ontario, south to central Florida, west to eastern Texas, extreme eastern Oklahoma, and extreme southeastern Kansas ( Vander Kloet, 1988 ). A few isolated populations

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Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry), a highly polymorphic diploid species, is the only species in Vaccinium section Polycodium ( Ashe, 1931 ; Baker, 1970 ; Camp, 1945 ). Endemic in North America, it is found from southwestern Ontario to central

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Abstract

The true blueberries of the genus Vaccinium L., subgenus Cyanococcus Kl, as described by Camp (4), are predominantly a North American group, although some Asiatic species are included. More distantly related groups are found on the Pacific coast, such as V.ovatum Pursh, and in tropical America, Africa and other areas of the world. Additional Vaccinium relatives include the sugenera Polycodium Raf., the deerberries, and Batodendron Nutt, the Farkleberry or Tree or Winter-huckleberry, and the genus Gaylussacia H.B.K., the huckleberries.

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Abstract

Anthocyanins of ripe fruits of 13 species of Vaccinium (12 species of the Cyanococcus and 1 species of the Polycodium sub-genera) collected in the eastern United States and grown together near Castle Hayne, North Carolina were hydrolyzed to yield aglycones and sugars. TLC separation and identification of these hydrolysates indicated that anthocyanins of the 12 species of the sub-genus Cyanococcus (true blueberries; Camp) contained 5 aglycones (> means “in greater quantity than”) (delphinidin > cyanidin > malvidin > petunidin > peonidin) and 2 sugars (galactose > arabinose). Anthocyanins of Polycodium representative V. stamineum (deerberries) differed from those of representatives of Cyanococcus in that they yielded only large amounts of the aglycone cyanidin and trace amounts of peonidin. Hydrolysis of anthocyanins of fruits of V. stamineum and 7 species of Cyanococcus yielded glucose. Thus, species of Cyanococcus appeared to have a similar anthocyanin content. Anthocyanin contents of Polycodium (V. stamineum) were different than those of Cyanococcus but generally the same as those reported for cranberries (V. macrocarpon, sub-genus Oxycoccus). Reports in the literature indicate that anthocyanins of other sub-genera of Vaccinium contain xylose (V. myrtillis; bilberry; cyanidin-3-xylosylglycoside) and rhamnose (V. vitis-idaea; cowberry; delphinidin-3-glycoside, 5-glycoside, and 3-rhamno-glycoside). Thus, as indicated from this initial study, fruits of the genus Vaccinium appear to vary in anthocyanin content with sub-generic classification.

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deerberry ( Vaccinium stamineum L.). Here, we were able to use as few as 28 markers from six primers to uniquely distinguish all the 10 lowbush blueberry clones in this study. Thus, both RAPDs and our EST-PCR markers are efficient at identifying genets

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, S.F. Payne, J.A. 1996 Comparison of volatile compounds from rabbiteye blueberry ( Vaccinium ashei ) and deerberry ( V. stamineum ) during maturation J. Essential Oil Res. 8 645 648 Horvat, R.J. Senter, S.D. 1985 Comparison of the volatile

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