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Harbans L. Bhardwaj and Anwar A. Hamama

locations had similar crude fiber content in the sprouts, both being higher than the content in sprouts produced from seed produced at the Petersburg location. Table 2. Fresh yield and contents of moisture, oil, protein, and crude fiber in canola

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Ferit Celik, Sezai Ercisli, Suzan O. Yilmaz, and Attila Hegedus

Merck Co (Merck RQflex). Crude fiber, ash, and pH were determined according to methods of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists ( AOAC, 1990 ). Pectin's content in cherry laurel fruits was determined according to the method described by King

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Tanya Small, E. G. Rhoden, A. Woldeghebriel, and G.W. Carver

Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) has become a pervasive weed in the southeast US. It has been receiving much attention recently and a study was initiated to evaluate the plant as an alternative food and feed source. Kudzu vines were sectioned into; 0-25, 25-50, 50-75 and 75-100 cm and analysed for acid detergent fiber (ADF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), ash and crude protein content. Leaf ash content of kudzu increased while stem ash content decreased as the vine was sampled from the growing tip. Stem NDF increased from 44.4% at the 0-25 cm section to 57.83% at the 75-100 cm section of the vine, while leaf NDF declined from 52.23 to 39.01% for the same sections. The trend was reversed for ADF in the kudzu leaf and stem. Crude protein content of kudzu ranged from 18.45% at the 0-25 cm section for leaves to 7.42% for stem sections at 75-100 cm. The high crude protein content of kudzu as well as its abundance in the Southeast makes it a good feed source and a potential food source. However, further studies are needed to determine the vitamin content and digestion coefficient to ascertain its suitability as a food and feed source.

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Daniel Leskovar, Smiljana Goreta, Kil Sun Yoo, Giovanni Piccinni, and Shinsuke Agehara

Introduction of artichokes in the Wintergarden of Texas, an area with mild winters and hot summers, depends on the development of strategies that will overcome limiting climatic conditions for bolting, earliness, and length of harvest. Cultivars with different bolting requirements were evaluated at two planting times and irrigation rates. The cultivars Emerald, Experimental Red, Imperial Star, Green Globe, and Purple Romagnia were transplanted in the field on 27 Sept. and 3 Dec. 2004, and evaluated at 100% and 75% crop evapotranspiration rates (ETc) at Uvalde, Texas (29°1' N; 99°5' W). Harvests started on 24 Mar. and 21 Apr. 2005 for the first and second planting dates, respectively. Yield increased more than 3-fold for the first compared to the second planting date. Irrigation rates did not affect yield, water use efficiency, or head quality. The cultivars Emerald, Imperial Star, and Experimental Red were earlier than Green Globe and Purple Romagnia. The highest yield was measured for cv. Imperial Star, while the largest head weight was for cv. Green Globe. Total fibers, crude protein, and phenolic compounds concentration depended on cultivar, whereas the total sugar concentrations in the edible part of the head were similar among cultivars. Head weight, percentage of heart, and crude protein concentration decreased, whereas total fiber content increased as the harvesting season progressed. Integrating environmental and cultivar strategies aimed at earliness, large head size, and enhanced level of health-promoting compounds, will contribute to the potential production of globe artichokes in the region.

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Zunfu Lv, Simeng Zhang, and Guoquan Lu

, high fiber and protein contents, and low oxalic acid content ( Villareal et al., 1979 ). Ishida et al. (2000) reported that the total dietary fiber content of sweetpotato leaves is 5.90 to 7.00 g/100 g. The young leaves of stem tips are rich in

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Jasim Uddain, Sanzida Islam Tripti, Mohammad Shah Jahan, Nasrin Sultana, Md Jahedur Rahman, and Sreeramanan Subramaniam

content followed by Sadiq et al. (2013) . The NCS elementary analyzer (Flash 2000 Organic Elemental Analyzer, Germany) was used to estimate crude proteins. Crude fat content was determined from fruit samples by using hexane as an organic solvent. Ash

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Yiran Li, Asuka Uchida, Akiha Abe, Akihiro Yamamoto, Tomonari Hirano, and Hisato Kunitake

of ‘Banpeiyu’ and ‘Hyuganatsu’ were dissected, and immediately used for extracting stylar crude protein extracts. PA content changes during germination. Dried pollen grains stored at –40 °C were suspended in the Citrus mature pollen culture system

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Thalukanyo Nevhulaudzi, Khayalethu Ntushelo, and Sheku Alfred Kanu

). Mature seeds contain (per edible portion, 100 g) the following: 56 to 66 g carbohydrates; 22 to 24 g protein; 11 g water; 5.9 to 7.3 g crude fiber; 3.4 to 3.9 g ash; 1.3 to 1.5 g fat; and minerals such P, Ca, and Fe (0.146 g, 0.104–0.076 g, and 0.005 g

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Harbans L. Bhardwaj and Anwar A. Hamama

We previously reported that canola ( Brassica napus L.) sprouts, on average, contained 27.3% oil, 25.1% protein, and 10.8% crude fiber on a dry weight basis ( Bhardwaj and Hamama, 2007 ). Fresh yield of canola sprouts, from 20 g seed, averaged 111

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Mercè Rovira, Juan Francisco Hermoso, and Agustí J. Romero

index value of pellicle removal ( I 2 ) scores the percentage of kernels with more than 50% of pellicle removed. Kernel composition and nutritional value. Nutritional value (fat content, crude protein, minerals, crude fiber, total sugar, and fatty acid