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Andrew H. Jeffers, William E. Klingeman, Charles R. Hall, Marco A. Palma, David S. Buckley, and Dean A. Kopsell

, greater convenience, and customer savings on high shipping costs of liners purchased from extra-regional producers or markets. Some percentage of on-site–grown liners may also be sold for profit, thus, growing liners on site may also present new market

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Nathaniel Ferraro, Darrell Bosch, James Pease, and James S. Owen Jr.

invest in building water capacity on-farm. Therefore, this project studies the impacts of the recycling investment on capital and operating costs of selected ornamental nurseries, as well as an engineering analysis of “typical” or simulated small and

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Filippo Sgroi, Mario Foderà, Anna Maria Di Trapani, Salvatore Tudisca, and Riccardo Testa

largely the result of increased competitiveness due to lower labor costs, but also to continuing investments to modernize the production chain, targeting not only the cultivation techniques, but also the marketing strategies aimed at increasing exports of

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David Conner and Anusuya Rangarajan

making this decision, there is a need to better understand the production costs of these systems. A group of university researchers, nonprofit agencies, and farmers from the northeastern United States [Northeast Organic Network (NEON)] used an intensive

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Seth D. Wannemuehler, Chengyan Yue, William W. Shane, R. Karina Gallardo, and Vicki McCracken

agronomic crops, such as maize and rice, show that incorporation of MAS into breeding schemes may reduce time requirements, costs, or both depending on implementation strategy ( Dreher et al., 2003 ; Morris et al., 2003 ). A study by Slater et al. (2013

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Charles R. Hall and Dewayne Ingram

quantified the value of a subset of these ecosystem services ( Ingram, 2012 , 2013 ). However, no study to date has captured the economic costs of component horticultural systems while conducting a LCA of any green industry product. This study attempts to

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James W. Julian, Bernadine C. Strik, Handell O. Larco, David R. Bryla, and Dan M. Sullivan

Northern highbush blueberries are long-lived perennial plants, requiring 7 years or more to reach full production. The cash costs to establish new plantings, through Year 6, can surpass $30,165/ha with net cumulative returns of –$9,995/ha (a loss

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Jonathan M. Frantz, Bryon Hand, Lee Buckingham, and Somik Ghose

this reason, energy costs are second only to labor costs as the most expensive factor in indirect costs of greenhouse production. While oil and natural gas prices fluctuated by 100% or more in the last 3 years, generally, fuel prices have risen by 50

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Florence A. Becot, Virginia Nickerson, David S. Conner, and Jane M. Kolodinsky

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 1998 ). Although GAPs were developed over 10 years ago, there is limited research on the costs of implementation to farmers. This article addresses the economic costs of GAPs audit on farms in Vermont. Surveys

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Luis A. Ribera, Marco A. Palma, Mechel Paggi, Ronald Knutson, Joseph G. Masabni, and Juan Anciso

standards being used in the produce industry and analyzes the specific costs incurred by the produce industry when these microbiological contamination incidents occur. Moreover, compliance costs for new food safety standards were also estimated through a