The wild native vegetable cultivation in Spain is very interesting due to the potential value as leafy vegetable. In order to preserve the minor crop diversity we investigate several wild species as Silene vulgaris. This is a perennial herbs, widespread in Europe and North of Africa, very appreciated by leaf in the Iberian Peninsula. In this work, six fertilization treatments with different Base Fertilizer: Top Fertilizer were evaluated in the field on Mediterranean coast of Spain: T0 (without fertilization), T1 (5000 and 0), T2 (2500 and 725), T3 (2500 and 363), T4 (1250 and 725),T5 (1250 and 363), T6 (625 and 181) kg·ha-1, Base fertilized, and Top fertilizer respectively. Silene vulgaris seedlings 30 days old were transplanted to 1 m2 experimental plots under drip irrigation. and previously Base fertilized with Guano of fish (4% N, 8% P, 4% K). Thirty days later a Top fertilization were applied with KNO3 (13,8% N and 44% K). Two harvests were carried out 55 and 110 days after plantation and the parameters measured were the fresh mass and the dry mass. In the first harvest, both fresh and dry mass were significantly greater in T3 (8541 and 1522 kg·ha-1, respectively), while T0 produced the smallest yield (3765 and 625 kg/ha, respectively). In the second harvest, T4 produced the greatest values of fresh and dry mass (9995 and 903 kg·ha-1, respectively), while, again, T0 threw the smallest values (4846 and 464 kg·ha-1, respectively). This work was supported by the CICYT of Spain (Project AGL2000-0521) and by the Fundación Séneca of the Region of Murcia (project PI-27/00753/FS/01).
Jesús Arreola, José Antonio Franco*, and Juan José Martínez-Sánchez
Abby Pace, Bruce L. Dunn, and Charles Fontanier
An experiment was conducted to quantify luminescence of white cut flower carnations after exposure to blue glow-in-the-dark powder. Powder was applied to the flowers as either dip (3, 6, or 9 g) or spray (3, 6, or 9 g) solutions in 240 mL of water for 4 seconds plus a control. Stem fresh weight, relative stem fresh weight, flower diameter, and overall solution absorption were greatest on day 4. Only the 6-g dip or spray had greater average flower quality ratings than the control, indicating reduced vase life, but there was no difference among powder treatments. Phosphorescence is possible with fluorescent light, but ultraviolet light increased the flower mean brightness an average of 75% across all treatments. No treatment differences were observed for the flower mean brightness with ultraviolet light, except on day 9; however, greater powder rates without ultraviolet light in general resulted in greater brightness.
G. J. Wilfret, T. C. Weiler, B. K. Harbaugh, and P. A. Hammer
‘Floriana Mist’ and ‘Floriana Cascade’ gypsophila (Gypsophila paniculata L.) are selections of Gypsophila ‘Bristol Fairy’ (Caryophyllaceae), the double-flowered Baby's Breath used in floral arrangements. These clones were selected because of consistent flowering when rooted cuttings were planted from September through February in central Florida. Inconsistent flowering of commercial cuttings of ‘Bristol Fairy’ when planted during short days (<12 hr light) and cool nights (10° to 15°C) led to the selection of clones which would flower consistently, independent of planting date. ‘Floriana Mist’ and ‘Floriana Cascade’ have performed well in commercial field trials in Florida and California from 1977 to 1981. They were released cooperatively by the Univ. of Florida and Purdue Univ. in 1983.
S. Bergeron, M.-P. Lamy, B. Dansereau, S. Gagne, S. Parent, and P. Moutoglis
While the majority of terrestial plants are colonized in soils by vesicular-arbuscular fungi (AM), that does not mean that these species can form a symbiosis with AM fungi in an artificial substrate under commercial production conditions. The purpose of this study was to identify those plants having a colonization potential. In Mar. 1998, 51 species and cultivars of ornamental plants were inoculated with two vesicular-arbuscular fungi (Glomus intraradices Schenk & Smith, and Glomus etunicatum Becker & Gerdemann; Premier Tech, Rivière-du-Loup, Quèbec). Periodic evaluations of colonization were done 5, 7, 9, 12, and 16 weeks after seeding. More than 59% of these plants tested were shown to have a good colonization potential with G. intraradices. Species belonging to the Compositae and Labiatae families all colonized. Species in the Solanaceae family showed slight to excellent colonization. Several species studied belonging to the Amaranthaceae, Capparidaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Cruciferae, Gentianaceae, Myrtaceae et Portulaceae families were not colonized. Root colonization with G. etunicatum was not detected on these species and cultivars during this short experimental period.
Li Jiang, Yun-wen Wang, and Bruce L. Dunn
The genera Lychnis L. and Silene L. belong to the family Caryophyllaceae. Lychnis species, commonly known as campion or catchfly, are native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, from East Asia to Central Asia, Europe, and North
Fan Li, Xijun Mo, Lifang Wu, and Chunmei Yang
Gypsophila paniculata , widely known as baby’s breath, is a flowering plant of the Caryophyllaceae family ( Li et al., 2019 ). Because of its ornamental value as one of the most important cut flowers in global commercial floriculture, G. paniculata
Fan Li, Guoxian Wang, Rongpei Yu, Min Wu, Qinli Shan, Lifang Wu, Jiwei Ruan, and Chunmei Yang
Gypsophila paniculata , a flowering plant of the Caryophyllaceae family, is a small perennial herbaceous shrub ≈1 m tall and ≈1 m wide ( Toaima et al., 2016 ; Vettori et al., 2015 ). It is normally characterized by a rosette of grayish green basal
Alan W. Meerow, Stewart T. Reed, Christopher Dunn, and Elena Schnell
Narcissus (Amaryllidaceae) Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 25 685 706 Dötterl, S. Jahrei, K. Jhumur, U.S. Jürgens, A. 2012 Temporal variation of flower scent in Silene otitis (Caryophyllaceae): A species with a mixed pollination system Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 169 447 460
Bruce L. Dunn and Jon T. Lindstrom
(Caryophyllaceae) Brittonia 14 311 321 Lewis, H. 1945 A revision of the Genus Trichostema Brittonia 5 276 303 Lewis, H. 1960 Chromosome numbers and phylogeny of Trichostema Brittonia 12 93
Junji Amano, Sachiko Kuwayama, Yoko Mizuta, Masaru Nakano, Toshinari Godo, and Hajime Okuno
. 2005a Analyses of anthocyanidins and anthocyanins in flower petals of Lychnis senno and its related species (Caryophyllaceae) Bull. Facul. Agr. Niigata Univ. 58 35 38 Kuwayama, S. Nakamura, T. Mizuta, Y