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Seth D. Wannemuehler, Chengyan Yue, William W. Shane, R. Karina Gallardo, and Vicki McCracken

traits ( Martínez-García et al., 2013 ). Breeders, including peach breeders, are seeking ways to increase the cost-effectiveness of their programs. Each breeding program is different, and thus the cost-effectiveness of DNA-informed breeding in apple

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R. Karina Gallardo, Diem Nguyen, Vicki McCracken, Chengyan Yue, James Luby, and James R. McFerson

market acceptance provide advantages to all parties in the supply chain with products that are more desirable, available, affordable, healthful, and safer. However, breeding programs in rosaceous crops face numerous constraints. Development, evaluation

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Chengyan Yue, Jingjing Wang, Eric Watkins, Stacy A. Bonos, Kristen C. Nelson, James A. Murphy, William A. Meyer, and Brian P. Horgan

There has been a long history for turfgrass breeding programs to evaluate, develop, and introduce turfgrass cultivars with superior traits for use on lawns, sports fields, parks, roadsides, and other landscapes. Turfgrass breeding, like any other

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Alejandra A. Salgado and John R. Clark

verify if resistance to reversion is present ( Clark and Finn, 2011 ). The UA blackberry breeding program, with a focus on postharvest quality of fruits for successful postharvest storage for the fresh market, began postharvest evaluations in 2008 to

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Seth D. Wannemuehler, Chengyan Yue, Wendy K. Hoashi-Erhardt, R. Karina Gallardo, and Vicki McCracken

of a new method of plant breeding. Breeders can use DNA marker tests to identify individual plants (hereafter referred to as individuals) possessing the desired QTL, enabling faster breeding decisions earlier in a program. One method of DNA

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P.C. St. Amand and D.R. La Bonte

A user-friendly, menu driven, database program was developed to facilitate storage, retrieval, and manipulation of data associated with a sweetpotato breeding program. The database is written in FoxBASE+ for IBM and compatible personal computers. The database consists of a variety of test options with statistical capabilities for analysis of raw test data for commonly evaluated factors used to screen sweetpotato selections. The database also contains options which permit the user to query the stored data. An important feature is the summarization of test data for individual selections based on all the tests it has been entered into. Overall means, SDs and comparisons with user specified checks are listed in a printout for each factor along with morphological descriptors, parentage, and a note section. The database also assists the user in field research through recording of plot plans, data collection forms and related data query options.

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Chengyan Yue, R. Karina Gallardo, Vicki A. McCracken, James Luby, James R. McFerson, Lan Liu, and Amy Iezzoni

backbone of numerous U.S. and Canadian rural communities. Rosaceous crop breeding programs have a long history of introducing cultivars with superior characteristics for production, pest and disease resistance, postharvest handling and storage, sensory

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Kate M. Evans, Lisa J. Brutcher, and Bonnie S. Konishi

To be successful, a breeding program has to be able to track all its seedlings at every stage of testing and to ensure that the origin of each seedling product (e.g., fruit) tested is correctly recorded. The Washington State University apple

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Amanda J. Hershberger, David A. Knauft, and Carol D. Robacker

plant breeding program because it can confound selection schemes and greatly reduce selection effectiveness. Developmental patterns, reproductive timing, and breeding systems are all affected by the environment ( Sultan, 2000 ). Reproductive traits are

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Kate Evans, Lisa Brutcher, Bonnie Konishi, and Bruce Barritt

fruit quality is a major part of any apple breeding program, and breeders are constantly searching for methods to help measure these important traits. To date, sensory analysis is by far the most preferred form of testing for crispness; however, there is