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Bethany A. Harris, Wojciech J. Florkowski, and Svoboda V. Pennisi

in the United States, with petroleum-based plastic containers accounting for 1.6 billion pounds of plastic ( Schrader, 2013 ). Moving toward sustainability, the green industry has shown an increased interest in biodegradable containers in the United

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Roberto G. Lopez and Diane M. Camberato

costs of petroleum resins used in manufacturing plastic containers and environmental impacts of plastic disposal, coupled with advanced technologies in biodegradable and compostable products and changing public perception, indicate an opportunity for

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Jeff S. Kuehny, Matt Taylor, and Michael R. Evans

pounds of plastic were used in agriculture in 2002 ( Levitan and Barros, 2003 ). There are numerous types of alternative, biodegradable containers that can be composted or planted directly into the soil, which eliminate the need for plastic containers

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Stephanie A. Beeks and Michael R. Evans

times and are often grown on subirrigation systems such as ebb-and-flood benches or flood floors. Therefore, the objective for this research was to evaluate the growth of a long-term greenhouse containerized crop in biodegradable containers compared with

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James A. Schrader, Gowrishankar Srinivasan, David Grewell, Kenneth G. McCabe, and William R. Graves

using a container for only one production cycle does not require that containers be made of non-biodegradable materials that will last hundreds of years. Alternatives to petroleum plastic containers are commercially available ( Kuehny et al., 2011 ), but

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Tongyin Li, Guihong Bi, Richard L. Harkess, Geoffrey C. Denny, Eugene K. Blythe, and Xiaojie Zhao

). Traditionally, when plants are grown in plastic containers, evaporative loss of water is mainly through the substrate surface rather than the container sidewall because plastic containers are impervious to water. Use of biodegradable containers as a sustainable

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Gabriele Amoroso, Piero Frangi, Riccardo Piatti, Alessio Fini, and Francesco Ferrini

detected, while the greater weed biomass in non-mulched non-treated containers did not significantly affect the growth of giant arborvitae ( Table 1 ). Table 1. Effect of weed control strategies (WCSs) (four types of biodegradable mulching discs, chemical

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Chengyan Yue, Jennifer H. Dennis, Bridget K. Behe, Charles R. Hall, Benjamin L. Campbell, and Roberto G. Lopez

pay more for biodegradable containers than for plastic ones? Evidence from hypothetical conjoint analysis and non-hypothetical experimental auctions J. Agr. Appl. Econ 42 757 772 Yue, C. Jensen, H.H. Mueller, D.S. Nonnecke, G.R. Gleason, M.L. 2007

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Susmitha Nambuthiri, Robert L. Geneve, Youping Sun, Xueni Wang, R. Thomas Fernandez, Genhua Niu, Guihong Bi, and Amy Fulcher

have identified the use of biodegradable container alternatives as a way to improve the sustainability of current production systems ( Behe et al., 2013 ; Dennis et al., 2010 ; Hall et al., 2010 ). An online survey showed that consumers were willing

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Charles R. Hall, Benjamin L. Campbell, Bridget K. Behe, Chengyan Yue, Roberto G. Lopez, and Jennifer H. Dennis

consumers and landscapers, thus presenting a significant disposal issue for the horticulture industry ( Evans and Hensley, 2004 ). In recent years, the floriculture industry has seen a rise in biodegradable, compostable, or bioresin containers often called