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Yolanta Saks, Lilian Sonego, and Ruth Ben-Arie

Mature-green `Anna' apples (Malus domestics Borkh.) reddened after harvest as a result of exposure to continuous cool-white fluorescent light. Color development was most rapid at 20C but most intense at 13C. At 2C, although the induction of red pigmentation was the slowest, a 72-hr exposure rendered color not significantly different from that of red, commercially harvested fruit. The development of color was light-intensity dependent, approaching saturation at 14.5 W·m-2 (at 13 C). No differences in fruit ripening were found between fruit that developed color under artificial light and red fruit from the commercial harvest, in spite of some stimulation of ethylene production during illumination.

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Theoharis Ouzounis, Eva Rosenqvist, and Carl-Otto Ottosen

population boost the need for controlled growing systems using artificial lighting. These systems include greenhouses, growth chambers, vertical farming. Supplementary light (e.g., fluorescent, metal halide, or HPS lamps) was introduced to replace and

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Eva María Almansa, Antonio Espín, Rosa María Chica, and María Teresa Lao

: light and temperature ( Allen and Rudich, 1978 ; Bartsur et al., 1985 ; Dinar and Rudich, 1985 ; el Ahmadi and Allen, 1979 ), salinity resistance to pests and diseases (Hanafi and Schnitzler, 2004), and nutritional factors. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA

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Noriko Ohtake, Masaharu Ishikura, Hiroshi Suzuki, Wataru Yamori, and Eiji Goto

plant factories with artificial lighting, the cost of electricity for lighting is still high. Because there is great potential to reduce costs by designing more efficient lighting systems, many studies have investigated the effects of light intensity and

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Yuki Sago

Tipburn, a leaf marginal apex necrosis, is a serious problem in vegetable production under controlled environments ( Cox et al., 1976 ), such as in closed plant production systems equipped with artificial light ( Son and Takakura, 1989 ). Tipburn is

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Dominic P. Petrella, James D. Metzger, Joshua J. Blakeslee, Edward J. Nangle, and David S. Gardner

to determine artificial light conditions capable of inducing anthocyanin synthesis in rough bluegrass to evaluate the suitability of this turfgrass as a source of anthocyanin. Using high-intensity white light, rough bluegrass was able to increase

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Paul Deram, Mark G. Lefsrud, and Valérie Orsat

latitudes must compensate for the attenuation in total light availability (from prolonged winter with short daylight hours), and supplemental artificial lighting is required to maintain a consistent crop yield throughout the Canadian winters. Conventional

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Jyotsna Joshi, Geng Zhang, Shanqi Shen, Kanyaratt Supaibulwatana, Chihiro K.A. Watanabe, and Wataru Yamori

systems with artificial lighting for commercialization in Japan Propag. Ornam. Plants 7 145 149 Kozai, T. 2013a Resource use efficiency of closed plant production system with artificial light: Concept, estimation and application to plant factory Proc. Jpn

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Johshin Tsuruyama and Toshio Shibuya

consumption for artificial lighting. Thus, photoperiod may influence plant growth through the required change in light intensity. In the present study, the growth properties and flowering response of two seed-propagated long-day strawberry cultivars were

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Miguel Urrestarazu, Cinthia Nájera, and María del Mar Gea

th ed. W.H. Freeman and Co., New York Ouzounis, T. Rosenqvist, E. Ottosen, C.O. 2015 Spectral effects of artificial light on plant physiology and secondary metabolism: A review HortScience 50 1128 1135 Rodríguez, E. Reca, J. Martínez, J. Lao, M