Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 256 items for :

  • alternate-row management x
  • Refine by Access: All x
Clear All
Free access

Alison L. Reeve, Patricia A. Skinkis, Amanda J. Vance, Katherine R. McLaughlin, Elizabeth Tomasino, Jungmin Lee, and Julie M. Tarara

. vinifera L. Dijon clone 115) grafted on 101-14 rootstock at a spacing of 2.1 m between rows and 1.5 m between vines in N–S-oriented rows. Three floor management treatments served as main plots with two crop levels as subplots. The plots consisted of 16

Full access

Xinhua Yin, Jinhe Bai, and Clark F. Seavert

( Ericson, 1993 ). Another alternate N and P fertilizer management is band placement. Band placement can also deliver fertilizer down into the active root zone in bands and reduce the contact of fertilizer with soil, but requires a narrower, more controlled

Free access

Herbert D. Stiles

The Stiles bent fence (SBF) and single-sided shift trellis (SSST) are differently designed structures that function to isolate fruiting zones of summer-fruiting brambles on one side of the plant or row. The SBF and SSST are suited for use with cultivars that produce long, flexible, nonbranched canes. Summer pruning of stiff-caned, semi-erect types may encourage development of long, flexible lateral branches that are adaptable for training on these trellises; alternate-year cropping may be helpful where such pruning is necessary. The SSST operates on the same principles as our original single-sided trellis (SST), but the newer design is compatible with a broader range of commonly available construction materials. Construction plans will be published in a Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin as soon as funds are made available. The SSST should allow greater manual harvest efficiency, more effective IPM, fewer yield losses to sunscald, compatibility with cultural management practices, lower costs of postharvest precooling, better condition of harvested fruit for maximum shelf life, and stronger prospects for machine harvesting of fresh-market brambles.

Free access

Bruce W. Wood

stress”, typically increases alternate bearing intensity ( I ; Pearce and Dobersek-Urbanc, 1967 ), which is perhaps the economically most important biological problem faced by commercial pecan enterprises. Timely use of mechanized hedge-type pruning as a

Free access

Michael W. Smith

, reversion of induced meristems should be greater resulting in less production. Several cultural practices have been developed to reduce pecan alternate bearing. These include management of the tree canopy for light interception ( Hinrichs, 1961 ; Lombardini

Full access

Michel R. Wiman, Elizabeth M. Kirby, David M. Granatstein, and Thomas P. Sullivan

the white clover provided. Management of the orchard understory can influence whether meadow voles become a problem ( Merwin et al., 1999 ; Sullivan and Sullivan, 2006 ). Bare soil in the tree row inhibits meadow voles by minimizing habitat cover, and

Open access

Zachary T. Brym and Brent L. Black

addition to overall tree health and pruning history, time to in-row space fill and other developmental milestones may be indicative of management intensity such as fertility practices. A previous study with an overlapping set of commercial operations noted

Full access

Brian A. Kahn and Lynn P. Brandenberger

main plots consisting of eight 20-ft-long rows spaced 3 ft apart. Each main plot was bordered on all sides by a 12-ft-wide tilled alley. The two seeding treatments each were assigned to four-row subplots, consisting of the eastern or western four rows

Open access

Lisa Wasko DeVetter, Suzette Galinato, Troy Kortus, and Jonathan Maberry

. Takeda, F. Gao, G. 2017 Pruning and training 169 201 Hall, H. Funt, D. Blackberries and their hybrids. CABI Press Wallingford, UK Sullivan, J.A. Evans, W.D. 1992 Comparison of conventional and alternate-row pruning in four red

Full access

S.J. McArtney and J.D. Obermiller

interception of spray by the canopy of the tree in the second row from the sprayer. Alternate row spraying is a relatively common practice on commercial apple orchards in the southeast, particularly during the early stages of the growing season (up until