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Li Li, Ling Liu, Deshuang Zhang, Ping Wu, Fenglan Zhang, and Xiulan Xu

, SSR markers are gradually being applied for the identification of hybrid purity, including rice ( Oryza sativa L.) ( Sundaram et al., 2008 ), pigeon pea ( Cicer microphyllum Royle ex Benth) ( Saxena et al., 2010 ), sunflower ( Helianthus annuus L

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Min Fan, Yike Gao, Yaohui Gao, Zhiping Wu, Hua Liu, and Qixiang Zhang

, could enhance important chrysanthemum ornamental traits. Hence, development of polymorphic markers is urgently needed. Molecular markers are valuable tools used in genetic linkage map construction and MAS breeding. Among molecular markers, SSR markers

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He Li, Cheng-Jiang Ruan, Li Wang, Jian Ding, and Xing-Jun Tian

). Compared with the molecular markers mentioned above, SSR (microsatellite) markers, which are 1 to 6 bp DNA regions repeated in tandem, have desirable advantages, such as codominance, random distribution throughout the genome, a high level of polymorphisms

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Cunquan Yuan, Zhiyi Qu, Huitang Pan, Tangren Cheng, Jia Wang, and Qixiang Zhang

addition, the transferability of SSR markers between Primula species is exceptionally low. SSR markers are considered to be effective in genetic diversity analysis, linkage, and QTL mapping; marker-assisted selection; and so on ( Rosazlina et al., 2015

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Summaira Riaz, Alan C. Tenscher, Brady P. Smith, Daniel A. Ng, and M. Andrew Walker

aid in authenticating accession identification does not exist. DNA-based molecular markers, particularly simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, are excellent fingerprinting tools and have been used to identify grape cultivars and to assist in the

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Shanshan Cao, Stephen Stringer, Gunawati Gunawan, Cecilia McGregor, and Patrick J. Conner

molecular markers, simple sequence repeats (SSRs), also known as microsatellites, are characterized by high abundance, codominant inheritance, excellent reproducibility, and amenability to automated scoring with software, making them ideal markers for DNA

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Li Li, Xiulan Xu, Ping Wu, Guo Zhang, and Xiaobing Zhang

vegetable hybrids. With the development of expressed sequence tag-SSR and genomic SSR loci and markers in melons ( Chiba et al., 2003 ; Fernandez-Silva et al., 2008 ; Fukino et al., 2007 ; Park et al., 2013 ; Seung and Yong, 2006 ), SSR markers have been

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Raúl De la Rosa, Angjelina Belaj, Antonio Muñoz-Mérida, Oswaldo Trelles, Inmaculada Ortíz-Martín, Juan José González-Plaza, Victoriano Valpuesta, and Carmen R. Beuzón

), although further investigations should be performed to identify the genetic variability associated with this trait. Until now, di-nucleotide SSR markers have been the only tool successfully used in paternity testing in controlled olive breeding crosses ( De

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Chandra S. Thammina, David L. Kidwell-Slak, Stefan Lura, and Margaret R. Pooler

alone can be problematic, as these characters can be quantitative and continuous and influenced by the environment ( Wadl et al., 2012 ). However, SSR markers that are randomly distributed throughout the nuclear genome have the appropriate distribution

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Dianiris Luciano-Rosario, Luis A. Cruz-Saavedra, and Dimuth Siritunga

( Ocampo Perez et al., 2006a ). Nevertheless, at a molecular level, it has been shown that commercial papaya offers a narrow genetic basis ( Matos et al., 2013 ). In the recent past, SSR markers have become an effective method for assessment of genetic