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Gregory T. Browne

More than 10 species of Phytophthora de Bary are reported to affect cultivated Prunus L. worldwide, causing root rot, crown rot, trunk and scaffold cankers, and even fruit rots ( Browne and Doster, 2002 ; Browne and Mircetich, 1995 ; Félix

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Kadir Uğurtan Yılmaz, Sezai Ercişli, Bayram Murat Asma, Yıldız Doğan and Salih Kafkas

The genus Prunus comprises five subgenera: Prunus , Amygdalus , Cerasus , Padus , and Laurocerasus and includes ≈200 species, which are economically important as sources of fruits, nuts, oil, timber, and ornamentals ( Reynders and Salesses

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Jalil Dejampour, Islam Majidi, Solmaz Khosravi, Sevil Farhadi and Atena Shadmehr

great importance. The HS314 rootstock is a hybrid between almond and peach ( Prunus amygdalus × P. persica ), which is well adapted to drought conditions ( Dejampour et al., 2005 ). This rootstock that has been bred in Sahand Horticultural Research

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Margarita Pérez-Jiménez, Almudena Bayo-Canha, Gregorio López-Ortega and Francisco M. del Amor

Cherry ( Prunus avium L.) is an important and valuable agricultural and timber crop throughout Europe ( Centritto et al., 1999 ). Therefore, in the last few decades, increasing attention has been paid to solving different problems related to its

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Margaret Pooler and Hongmei Ma

the large number of Prunus species with diverse origins and ornamental traits, the most widely cultivated flowering cherry trees planted in the United States represent only a few species, primarily P. serrulata , P. subhirtella , and P. yedoensis

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María José Arismendi, Patricio Hinrichsen, Ruben Almada, Paula Pimentel, Manuel Pinto and Boris Sagredo

geographic regions and scion nature. The Prunus genus is a highly diverse group of woody plants belonging to the Spiraeoideae subfamily of the Rosaceae family ( Potter et al., 2007 ). Many species of this genus are economically important because they are a

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Antonio J. Felipe

among the progeny obtained in the cross between the Spanish almond ‘Garfi’ [ Prunus amygdalus Batsch, syn. P. dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb] as the female parent and the North American peach ‘Nemared’ [ P. persica (L.) Batsch] as the pollen donor. ‘Garfi

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Qijing Zhang and Dajun Gu

Prunus tomentosa Thunb. (2 n = 16) and P. salicina Lindl. (2 n = 16) of the family Rosaceae belong to different subgenera. Prunus tomentosa is in the subgenus Cerasus , while P. salicina is in the subgenus Prunophora ( Ingram, 1948

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Hongmei Ma, Richard Olsen, Margaret Pooler and Matthew Kramer

Ornamental flowering cherry trees ( Prunus species) are popular plants for street, commercial, and residential landscapes. Grown primarily for their spring bloom, flowering cherries have been in the United States since the mid-1850s ( Faust and

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Arancha Arbeloa, Ma Elena Daorden, Elena García, Pilar Andreu and Juan A. Marín

grape varieties. In all these cases, embryo rescue has been successfully used to overcome the low viability of these seeds ( Ramming, 1990 ). In Prunus , since the early Tukey experiments ( Tukey, 1933 ), there have been a number of examples of the use