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Todd C. Einhorn, Debra Laraway, and Janet Turner

fruit to chemical thinning strategies has limited commercial adoption. Presently, the industry largely relies on pruning for crop load management (L. Long, personal communication). Ultimately, the decision to impose a crop load management strategy, and

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Rachel A. Itle, Eileen A. Kabelka, and James W. Olmstead

respective families. However, CIE L*a*b* values distributions for each family did not demonstrate the presence of major genes segregating in a Mendelian fashion ( Figs. 1 – 9 ). Cucurbita pepo had a lighter and duller pigmented flesh (lower L* and chroma

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Coleman L. Etheredge, Tina M. Waliczek, and Pratheesh Omana Sudhakaran

Largent, E. 2009 Contributing factors to meaningful service-learning and intention for future volunteerism: A case study at a community college. Univ. Oklahoma, Norman LaWell, C. 2011 The state of horticulture programs. 3 June 2019. < https://www.lawnandlandscape.com/article/ll

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Yahia Othman, Dawn VanLeeuwen, Richard Heerema, and Rolston St. Hilaire

Las Cruces, NM, from 20 May 2011 to 7 Oct. 2012. One orchard was at New Mexico State University’s Leyendecker Plant Science Research Center [Leyendecker (lat. 32°12′01.14″ N, long. 106°44′30.32″ W, elevation 1173 m)] and the other was at a commercial

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Gabino H. Reginato, Víctor García de Cortázar, and Terence L. Robinson

$17,000 US/ha PAR i , was estimated for the earlier and later cultivars. For all three cultivars, the optimum crop value was expected at relatively low crop loads where there was less yield but larger and more valuable fruit. With increasing crop

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Rachel A. Itle and Eileen A. Kabelka

space values, L*, a*, b*, chroma, and hue, with lutein, α-carotene, β-carotene, and total carotenoids, the four most prominent carotenoid levels measured in this study, were calculated ( Table 3 ). The color value L* (lightness or darkness) correlated

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Dale J. Bremer, Steven J. Keeley, and Abigail Jager

watered at least three to four times per week; by contrast, <1% of lowest-value homeowners (homes valued at <$150,000) and <7% of moderately low-value homeowners (homes valued from $150,000 to $200,000) watered at least three to four times per week. The

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Claire H. Luby, Rachael Vernon, Hiroshi A. Maeda, and Irwin L. Goldman

), a finding that was generally lower but close to other recently published levels for tocochromanols in carrot ( Burns et al., 2003 ; Koch and Goldman, 2005 ; Luby et al., 2014 ). Clear Value sliced carrots were highest in total tocochromanols, while

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Jill Hardy, Bridget Behe, Susan Barton, Thomas Page, R. Thomas Fernandez, Robert Schutzki, and D. Bradley Rowe

For most residential home improvements, excluding landscapes, professionals can document return on investment. Our objective was to compare costs of installing landscapes with perceived home value, and determine return on investment. We administered surveys in eight selected U.S. cities in 1999. Self-selected participants from home and garden shows were asked to examine a photograph of a home without landscaping (base home), and were given its value estimated by local realtors. Participants were asked to view 16 additional photographs of the base home with different landscapes. Cost estimates for landscape materials and installation were calculated. Results showed that a sophisticated landscape with large and diverse plant material added up to 13% to the perceived value of a new $200,000 home. On average, any level of landscaping added value to the home. The increase in perceived value as a percentage of project cost was greatest for simple designs with small evergreen plant material. Complicated designs that included hardscapes and large, diverse plant material returned the least. In general, we found that return on investment for landscaping is comparable to the returns gained on several major home improvements, yet differed with respect to geographic region. We found that colored hardscape, developed from a red brick paver walkway, returned less than color from flowering annuals. Return on investment was greatest for annual plants added for color.

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Mervyn C. D'Souza, Morris Ingle, and Suman Singha

Lycopene is the predominant carotenoid pigment in tomatoes and primarily responsible for red color. Spectrophotometric procedures for lycopene evaluation although accurate are time consuming and destructive. The objective of this study was to relate chromaticity values (L*,a*,b*) measured using a Minolta Chroma Meter CR-200b portable tristimulus calorimeter with lycopene concentrations in the pericarp of 'Celebrity', 'Mountain Delight' and 'Early Pick' tomatoes. Fruit were selected to encompass varying maturities from green to red ripe and were obtained from a commercial source. Lycopene from individual skin disks or pericarp plugs corresponding to each location of color measurement was extracted in acetone and measured spectrophotometrically at 503 nm. The L* value (a measure of lightness) or a* value (a measure of redness) was determined to be well correlated with lycopene concentration in all 3 cultivars. The linear regression of the lycopene concentration on the ratio of (a*/b*) provided the best R for all cultivars (0.75).