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M. Taylor Perkins, Anna Claire Robinson, Martin L. Cipollini and J. Hill Craddock

across portions of the planting containers. Fig. 2. Survival quotients (SQs) of hybrid Castanea families, C. henryi seedlings (resistant controls), C. mollissima seedlings (resistant controls), and C. dentata seedlings (susceptible controls

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Michele R. Warmund

( Castanea mollissima Bl.), European chestnut ( C. sativa Mill.), and interspecific hybrids of European and Japanese ( C. crenata Sieb. & Zucc.) chestnuts ( Anagnostakis, 2008 ). Additionally, cultivars of interspecific hybrids that include Chinese

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Zhuogong Shi and Li Xia

For over 4000 years, the Chinese chestnut ( Castanea mollissima Blume) has been cultivated for its nuts and timber. Chestnuts remain a very important crop in Yunnan Province, Southwest China, but low yields and alternate bearing are problems for

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Michael A. Schnelle

Hemisphere. American producers are currently growing seedlings and cultivars of chinese chestnut ( Castanea mollissima Bl.), european chestnut ( Castanea sativa Mill . ), and interspecific hybrids of European and Japanese ( Castanea crenata Mill

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P. Chowdary Talasila, Arthur C. Cameron and Lee J. Taylor

The shelf life of chestnuts is limited by water loss. Polymeric packages have been used to prevent dehydration, although little specific information is available on the use and design of MA packaging for extending shelf life. To investigate the product response to MA conditions, a range of O2 levels were generated inside low-density polyethylene (LDPE) packages containing chestnuts. The respiration rate decreased with decreasing O2 levels below 16 kPa at 0C. A rapid increase in RQ and ethanol were noticed when the chestnuts were exposed to O2 levels below 1 kPa at 0C, indicating a shift to fermentative metabolism. In a flow-through system, the respiration rate at 0C and the Q10 were measured as 108 nmol·kg–1·s–1 and 2.5, respectively. Chestnuts were stored at –2, 0, 5, and 20C in LDPE packages for 6 months and quality was periodically evaluated. Off-flavors were noticed from chestnuts stored in O2 levels below 1 kPa at 0C on day 38. Chestnuts stored at 0C but at higher O2 levels were acceptable for 5 months. Chestnuts stored at –2C were still acceptable after 6 months of storage.

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Ying Wang, Ming Kang and Hongwen Huang

. sativa and C. crenata in three Chinese endemic Castanea species ( C. mollissima , C. seguinii , and C. henryi ), and tested this set of SSR loci for robust use in a genetic study of Chinese Castanea species. Materials and Methods

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Eiichi Inoue, Lin Ning, Hiromichi Hara, Shuan Ruan and Hiroyuki Anzai

Castanea is a member of the Fagaceae family and comprises 10 species, including three cultivated species, namely, chinese chestnut ( C. mollissima ), japanese chestnut ( C. crenata ), and european chestnut ( C. sativa ) ( U.S. Department of Agriculture

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Huan Xiong, Feng Zou, Sujuan Guo, Deyi Yuan and Genhua Niu

-sterility in C. mollissima can be explained by the existence of both prezygotic LSI and EID mechanisms. Literature Cited Botta, R. Vergano, G. Me, G. Vallania, R. 1995 Floral biology and embryo development in chestnut ( Castanea sativa Mill.) HortScience 30

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Michele R. Warmund, Billy G. Cumbie and Mark V. Coggeshall

-Lopez, 1997 ; Serdar and Soylu, 2005 ). In the United States, commercial nurseries generally use chip-budding or whip and tongue grafting to propagate Chinese chestnut ( Castanea mollissima ) trees (W. Lovelace, personal communication), whereas small chestnut

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Michele R. Warmund, Andrew K. Biggs and Larry D. Godsey

. 25 Jan. 2012. < > Warmund, M.R. 2011 Chinese chestnut ( Castanea mollissima ) as a niche crop in the central region of the United States HortScience 46 345 347