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Marissa Moses and Pathmanathan Umaharan

reference to the fruit’s pungency ( Weiss, 2002 ). Capsicum (Solanaceae family) consists of 33 accepted wild species and five domesticated species ( U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2012 ): C. annuum (chile and sweet pepper types), C. chinense (habanero

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María del C. Montalvo-Peniche, Lourdes G. Iglesias-Andreu, Javier O. Mijangos-Cortés, Sara L. Nahuat-Dzib, Felipe Barahona-Pérez, Adriana Canto-Flick, and Nancy Santana-Buzzy

Mexico has been recognized as the country with the greatest genetic diversity of peppers that belongs the Capsicum genus. Habanero pepper ( Capsicum chinense Jacquin) has several varieties and shows some of its variability in the fruit color

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Robert Lawrence Jarret and Terry Berke

. frutescens , C. pubescens , and C. chinense ( Heiser and Pickersgill, 1969 ; Smith and Heiser, 1957 ). Of these, Capsicum chinense , often referred to as habanero, was the last to be recognized as a cultivated taxa in the modern scientific literature

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Adriana Canto-Flick, Eduardo Balam-Uc, Jericó Jabìn Bello-Bello, Carlos Lecona-Guzmán, Daniela Solís-Marroquín, Susana Avilés-Viñas, Eunice Gómez-Uc, Guadalupe López-Puc, Nancy Santana-Buzzy, and Lourdes Georgina Iglesias-Andreu

, Bosland and Baral (2007) recently reported that “Bhut Jolokia”, a natural interspecific hybrid between Capsicum chinense and Capsicum frutescens , is in fact the world's hottest known chili pepper with a heat level of 879,953 to 1,001,304 SHU. The

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Jericó J. Bello-Bello, Lourdes G. Iglesias-Andreu, Susana A. Avilés-Viñas, Eunice Gómez-Uc, Adriana Canto-Flick, and Nancy Santana-Buzzy

No. 2367-chl-021-080110/c) (orange fruit) of Habanero pepper ( Capsicum chinense Jacq.) were obtained from the Scientific Research Center of Yucatan germplasm bank. Seeds were first submerged in ethanol at 70% (v/v) for 5 min and subsequently in a

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Nancy Santana-Buzzy, Guadalupe López-Puc, Adriana Canto-Flick, Felipe Barredo-Pool, Eduardo Balam-Uc, Susana Avilés-Viñas, Daniela Solís-Marroquín, Carlos Lecona-Guzmán, Jericó Jabín Bello-Bello, Eunice Gómez-Uc, and Javier O. Mijangos-Cortés

( Fig. 5G–H ) and the fusion of embryos ( Fig. 5I–J ) in C . chinense , seems to be a common phenomenon as in other species of the Capsicum genus. The persistence of this behavior in Habanero pepper also contributes to a marked reduction in the rates

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Nancy Ruiz-Lau, Fátima Medina-Lara, Yereni Minero-García, Enid Zamudio-Moreno, Adolfo Guzmán-Antonio, Ileana Echevarría-Machado, and Manuel Martínez-Estévez

on capsaicinoid (capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin) production. Materials and Methods Plant materials and growth conditions. Capsicum chinense Jacq. cultivar Naranja seeds obtained from Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. (Oxnard, CA) were germinated in

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Justin D. Butcher, Kevin M. Crosby, Kil Sun Yoo, Bhimanagouda S. Patil, A.M.H. Ibrahim, Daniel I. Leskovar, and John L. Jifon

Habanero peppers ( Capsicum chinense ) are a unique group of cultivated plants diversified in various traits of interest. Fruit color depends on maturity, ranging from light to dark green and then in varying shades of red, yellow, orange, or

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Sarah M. Bharath, Christian Cilas, and Pathmanathan Umaharan

In the Caribbean, three of the five domesticated Capsicum species are cultivated: C. annuum (sweet peppers), C. frutescens (bird peppers), and C. chinense (aromatic hot peppers). However, C. chinense is commercially the most important

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Jericó J. Bello-Bello, Adriana Canto-Flick, Eduardo Balam-Uc, Eunice Gómez-Uc, Manuel L. Robert, Lourdes G. Iglesias-Andreu, and Nancy Santana-Buzzy

Habanero pepper ( Capsicum chinense ) is an important horticultural crop in the southeast of Mexico. Although other Solanaceae members easily undergo morphogenesis in vitro, the species of the genus Capsicum sp. are highly recalcitrant