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Robert L. Jarret, Gloria E. Barboza, Fabiane Rabelo da Costa Batista, Terry Berke, Yu-Yu Chou, Amanda Hulse-Kemp, Neftali Ochoa-Alejo, Pasquale Tripodi, Aniko Veres, Carolina Carrizo Garcia, Gabor Csillery, Yung-Kuang Huang, Erzsebet Kiss, Zsofia Kovacs, Mihaly Kondrak, Magda Lisette Arce-Rodriguez, Marisel A. Scaldaferro, and Antal Szoke

Archaeological data allude to the use of Capsicum species (pepper, chilies) as a spice as early as 5500 BCE ( Basu and De, 2003 ; Davenport, 1970 ). The crop was first introduced into Europe by Christopher Columbus during his travels in the 15th

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Jack E. McCoy and Paul W. Bosland

Chile peppers ( Capsicum sp.) are a widely cultivated crop that is a staple in the diet of many cultures worldwide and is used as a vegetable, spice, ornamental, and medicinal plant ( Bosland and Votava, 2012 ). There are five domesticated species

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John Erwin, Tanveer Hussein, and David J. Baumler

Peppers ( Capsicum sp.) were one of the first crops domesticated in the Western Hemisphere using several independent, geographically distinct, and regional domestication efforts ( Bosland and Votava, 2012 ). Cultivated peppers are derived from five

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Patricia Yolanda Zapata-Castillo, Adriana-Canto Flick, Guadalupe López-Puc, Anabel Solís-Ruiz, Felipe Barahona-Pérez, Nancy Santana-Buzzy, and Lourdes Iglesias-Andreu

Although Capsicum is considered to be a genus recalcitrant to in vitro morphogenesis, the regeneration of chili plants has been reported by several authors ( Agrawal and Chandra, 1983 ; Arroyo and Revilla, 1991 ; Binzel et al., 1996a , 1996b

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Calen McKenzie, Ivette Guzman, Ciro Velasco-Cruz, and Paul W. Bosland

is a plant hormone vital to fruit maturity ( Buchanan, 2015 ). Carotenoids have also been observed to aid in heat dissipation during high rates of photosynthesis (Ma et al., 2016). Capsicum species are widely used as excellent models for the study

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Charles S. Krasnow, Andrew A. Wyenandt, Wesley L. Kline, J. Boyd Carey, and Mary K. Hausbeck

to evaluate tomatoes for resistance to phytophthora root-rot in the greenhouse Plant Dis. 69 708 709 Bosland, P.W. Lindsey, D.L. 1991 A seedling screen for phytophthora root rot of pepper, Capsicum annuum Plant Dis. 75 1048 1050 Bosland, P.W. Votava

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Liliana S. Muñoz-Ramírez, Laura P. Peña-Yam, Susana A. Avilés-Viñas, Adriana Canto-Flick, Adolfo A. Guzmán-Antonio, and Nancy Santana-Buzzy

Chili peppers form part of the identity and culture of Mexico. They belong to the genus Capsicum , which originated in America, from Mexico to South America. The word chili derives from the náhuatl chilli or xilli , and in Mexico it is used to

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Ivette Guzman, Krystal Vargas, Francisco Chacon, Calen McKenzie, and Paul W. Bosland

In Capsicum, 39 species have been identified including five domesticated species, C. annuum , C. baccatum , C. chinense, Capsicum frutescens , and Capsicum pubescens ( Carrizo García et al., 2016 ). Chile peppers are an important culinary

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Danise Coon, Derek W. Barchenger, and Paul W. Bosland

pepper growth and fruiting response to uniconazole depends on application time HortScience 28 917 919 Stommel, J.R. Bosland, P.W. 2006 Ornamental pepper, Capsicum annuum , p. 561–599. In: N.O. Anderson (ed.). Flower breeding and genetics: Issues

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John R. Stommel, Mary J. Camp, Judith M. Dumm, Kathleen G. Haynes, Yaguang Luo, and Anne Marie Schoevaars

choice of cultivar and limited by tissue breakdown and/or microbial decay. Stommel et al. (2015) evaluated diverse Capsicum germplasm representative of various fruit pod types for fresh-cut suitability. Sweet bell and other large-fruited pod types and