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Cannabis sativa L. is an herbaceous, primarily short-day plant that has been used for medicinal and recreational purposes since 2800 bc ( Farquhar-Smith, 2002 ). After decades of prohibition, it is now becoming more accepted in today’s society

Open Access

Cannabis is an annual, normally dioecious, flowering plant with staminate plants tending to be taller than pistillate plants ( Upton et al., 2014 ). The height can vary from 0.2 m to 6 m, with most of the plants reaching between 1 m to 3 m. Plant

Open Access

Hemp ( Cannabis sativa L.) is a herbaceous annual plant that is commonly cultivated for its desirable secondary metabolites, such as cannabinoids and terpenes. Hemp has been farmed by civilizations around the world for thousands of years ( Clarke

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The production and consumption of drug-type cannabis ( C. sativa L.) has seen increased acceptance and legalization in North America in recent years ( ArcView Market Research, 2017 ). “Drug-type” cannabis, as opposed to “hemp” or “fiber-type,” is

Open Access

The historic prohibition of cannabis ( Cannabis sativa L.) has stunted scientific research on its production, leaving growers to rely on guides and online resources based heavily on anecdotal information. In the past decade, the regulations

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Cannabis ( C. sativa ) is a diploid (2x = 20), dioecious species that is grown for fiber, grain, and flower ( Ren et al. 2021 ). Female plants are grown for flower production, because their inflorescences produce the highest concentrations of

Open Access

Drug-type cannabis is an economically valuable crop that is often grown in controlled environments (CE), such as greenhouses with supplemental lighting or indoors with 100% electrical lighting, as these environments can produce higher quality

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Cannabis ( Cannabis sativa ) is a naturally diploid (2x=20) and dioecious species that is produced for grain, fiber, or flower for cannabinoids ( Ren et al. 2021 ). Only female plants are grown for flower production purposes because their

Open Access

Cannabis ( Cannabis sativa L.) legislation in North America continues to move rapidly toward liberalization and in some instances legalization, shifting cultivation from a largely illicit practice to one that is not only legal, but in high demand

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rooting percent for microcuttings of Cannabis sativa ‘Abacus’ and ‘Wife’ taken when cultures were 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 weeks old from initiation. Microcuttings of ‘Abacus’ at 15 weeks became diseased with botrytis and died, therefore rooting data could

Open Access