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Fatemeh Haddadi, Maheran Abd Aziz, Ghizan Saleh, Azmi Abd Rashid, and Hossein Kamaladini

seems to be insufficient for commercialization. Cytokinins are known to play a major role in controlling shoot branching. To date, N6-benzylamino-purine (BAP) is the cytokinin that is mostly used on in vitro shoot proliferation of strawberry. In

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Bernhard Bessler

Some species of the genus Tillandsia (Bromeliaceae) are highly endangered in their natural habitats. This report introduces a method for induced lateral shoot development in atmospheric Tillandsias using the cytokinin BAP. Spraying or dipping the plants with BAP-solutions induced many lateral shoots. Even difficult-to-propagate species like T. cacticola L.B.SM developed up to 30 times more usable shoots than the control. Applying low concentrations (1 and 5 mg·L-1) over a longer period of time (10 weeks, 3 times a week) produced results similar to those using higher concentrations (50 mg·L-1) for shorter periods (2 weeks, 3 times a week). Chemical name used: 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP).

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Xiaoling Jin, Xijun Hu, Youping Sun, Donglin Zhang, and Ping He

, scale bar =1 cm; ( G ) plants acclimatized in a shady area (≈60% shade); ( H ) plants established in the field (≈2 years). WPM = woody plant medium; BA = 6-Benzylaminopurine; NAA = α-naphthaleneacetic acid; IBA = indole-3-butyric acid. The creamy white

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Michael W. Smith and William D. Goff

immediately above the patch bud (pooled over 6-benzylaminopurine treatment) on budbreak rating 2 May 2014. TIBA treatments were applied in the girdle if present or at the same location on those without girdling. Trees were budded 11–15 Aug. 2013. Girdling

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S.M. Silva, R.C. Herner, and R.M. Beaudry

To help elucidate of the relationship between decline in sugar (especially sucrose) and senescence in asparagus (Asparagus officinallis L.), spears with or without tips were treated with 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BAP) and stored during 25 days at 0°C. 6-BAP was applied using a cheesecloth soaked with 100 ppm solution (30-s contact) immediately after harvesting to the tip or to the cut surface for spears that had 2 cm of the tip removed. Time-dependent profile of fluorescence, chlorophyll content, amount of fructose, glucose, and sucrose were measured for four segments from tip to the base of the spears over. Respiration rate and general visual quality were also evaluated for the whole spear on a daily basis. Three replications were used for all evaluations. 6-BAP reduced respiration rate of spears with intact tips, slowed the decline in fluorescence, and slowed chlorophyll degradation for the tip during 25 days of storage at 0°C. Respiration rate was higher in spears that had the tip removed, regardless the use of 6-BAP; however, the decline of fluorescence and chlorophyll degradation were lower in 6-BAP-treated spears. Application of 6-BAP also slowed the decline in sucrose content. 6-BAP effects were more marked when comparing with spears lacking their tip. The visual quality was higher in spears with tips that were treated with 6-BAP.

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Dinum Perera and Brian W. Trader

Mikkelsen’; higher cytokinin:auxin produced more micro-buds from existing callus ( De Langhe et al., 1974 ). Repeated subculture of internodal explants in a medium supplemented with 6.65 μM 6-benzylaminopurine (BA), 2.32 μM kinetin (Kn), and 15% coconut milk

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Justin A. Schulze, Jason D. Lattier, and Ryan N. Contreras

peach–apricot, and peach–plum hybrids. They found the highest germination percentage occurred with the cytokinin 6-benzylaminopurine (BA), in half-strength MS basal salt media ( Murashige and Skoog, 1962 ). Kukharchyk and Kastrickaya (2006) recovered

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Fatemeh Haddadi, Maheran Abd Aziz, Hossein Kamaladini, and Seyed Ali Ravanfar

strawberry after 4 weeks of culture: (A) trifoliate leaves cut on the sides and incisions made on the surface (bar = 0.7 cm), (B) without cytokinin (bar = 0.8 cm), (C) with 4-μ m thidiazuron (TDZ) and 9-μ m 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) (bar = 1 cm), (D) with 4

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Chao Dong, Xue Li, Yue Xi, and Zong-Ming Cheng

many microshoots occurred on medium augmented with 11 µ m 6-BA. Table 1. Microshoot establishment of Pyracantha coccinea on medium z containing 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BA). Microshoots proliferation. The concentration of IBA significantly influenced

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Almudena Montoliu, Aurelio Gómez-Cadenas, and Rosa M. Pérez-Clemente

explant and cultured in 150 × 20-mm tubes on a multiplication medium to promote the development of axillary buds. The multiplication medium consisted of basal medium supplemented with 1.8 μM 6-benzylaminopurine (BA). New shoots from axillary buds were