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Michael T. Deaton and David W. Williams

-deep, 9:1(v/v) sand-peat mix over a 4-inch layer of pea gravel with corrugated drain tile. Plots of ‘Quickstand’, ‘Riviera’, ‘Tifway 419’, and ‘Yukon’ bermudagrass were established Spring 2006 and maintained as athletic turf. Normal maintenance consisted

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William T. Haller, Lyn A. Gettys, and Taizo Uchida

Gainesville, FL, whereas ‘Pensacola’ bahiagrass and ‘Tifway 419’ hybrid bermudagrass were obtained from a commercial grower in Polk County, FL. A hatchet was used to cut the sod into 7.5-inch-diameter rounds, which were placed in 7.5-inch-diameter nursery

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Filippo Lulli, Claudia de Bertoldi, Roberto Armeni, Lorenzo Guglielminetti, and Marco Volterrani

surfaces: 1) ‘Tifway 419’ hybrid bermudagrass, 2) ‘Zeon’ manilagrass, and 3) ‘Salam’ seashore paspalum. To increase the understanding of how turfgrass biological and morphological factors effectively influence the playing characteristics of a turfgrass

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Thomas E. Eickhoff, Tiffany M. Heng-Moss, and Frederick P. Baxendale

, and Zoro, and the bermudagrass cultivars Jackpot, Mini Verde, Tifway 419, and Tifsport. The buffalograsses ‘Prestige’ and ‘378’ served as the resistant and susceptible checks respectively in all experiments, because these buffalograsses have documented

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Robert Andrew Kerr, Lambert B. McCarty, Philip J. Brown, James Harris, and J. Scott McElroy

Goosegrass ( Eleusine indica L. Gaertn.), a weedy C 4 grass species throughout much of the world, is problematic to control selectively with POST herbicides within ‘Tifway 419’ bermudagrass [ Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. × Cynodon transvaalensis

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Robert Andrew Kerr, Lambert B. McCarty, Matthew Cutulle, William Bridges, and Christopher Saski

) assess if irrigating immediately following the herbicide application reduces injury of ‘Tifway 419’ bermudagrass [ Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. × Cynodon transvaalensis Burtt-Davy]; and 3) evaluate if immediate irrigation influences goosegrass control

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Laurie E. Trenholm, Darin W. Lickfeldt, and William T. Crow

This research was conducted to determine if application of 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) could reduce turfgrass water requirements in soil infested with sting nematodes (Belonolaimus longicaudatus Rau). The effects of 1,3-D and fenamiphos were evaluated on quality and persistence of `Tifway 419' bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon × C. transvaalensis Burtt-Davy) subjected to drought or deficit irrigation. The research consisted of two greenhouse studies in 2002 and 2003 where irrigation was either withheld or applied in deficit quantities, and one field study in 2003 where irrigation was withheld. In general, 1,3-D-treated turf maintained up to 40% higher quality during drought than other treatments and had up to 27% less leaf wilting. As drought severity increased, 1,3-D treatments had better spectral reflectance values, indicating better physiological functioning under stress. Results of this research suggest that application of 1,3-D in sting nematode-infested soils may increase bermudagrass drought survival.

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Charles H. Peacock and Paul F. Daniel

Initial release of N from waste materials used as natural organic N carriers for turfgrass may be slow due to the need for microbial degradation. In a greenhouse study, `Rebel' tall fescue (Festucau arundinacea Schreb.) and `Tifway' bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. × C. transvaalensis Burtt-Davy] growth response to a natural organic fertilizer (Turf Restore) amended or not amended with a soil-derived microbiological inoculum were compared with soluble urea using sterilized and nonsterilized soil. No interactions of soil sterilization and fertilizers were noted at 19 days after treatment (DAT). Urea fertilizer increased tall fescue growth rates by 68% in the nonsterilized soil and 126% in the sterilized soil compared to rates for turf grown with inoculated Turf Restore. Nitrogen uptake rate was 419% higher with urea-fertilized turf in the sterilized soil than for turf fertilized with inoculated Turf Restore. Soil sterilization at 33 DAT no longer affected turf response, but turf growth rate was 133% higher and N uptake 353% higher with urea fertilization than with inoculated Turf Restore. Infection of the plants with Rhizoctonia spp. at 72 DAT was unaffected by fertilizer treatments. Bermudagrass response was similar to that of tall fescue. Growth rate was 67% and N uptake 51% higher with urea than with Turf Restore through 17 DAT, regardless of inoculant addition. Amendment of the natural organic fertilizer Turf Restore with a soil-derived biological inoculant did not enhance turf growth rate or N uptake nor impact infection with Rhizoctonia spp.

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Wayne W. Hanna, S. Kristine Braman, and Brian M. Schwartz

conjunction with the Georgia Seed Development Commission. Contact the GSDC ( http://www.gsdc.com ) for information on availability. Literature Cited Burton, G.W. 1966a Registration of crop varieties—Tifway (Tifton 419) bermudagrass

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Lisa L. Baxter and Brian M. Schwartz

green leaves and few seedheads ( Burton, 1964 , 1991 ). An unintended triploid hybrid of C. transvaalensis and C. dactylon , discovered in 1954, was released as Tifton 419 and commercially released as ‘Tifway’ in 1960 ( Burton, 1966a ). The female