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Chen-Yen Chang and Ping-Kun Chen

The purpose of this paper was to report the effects of window views and indoor plants on human psychophysiological response in workplace environments. The effects of window views and indoor plants were recorded by measuring participant's electromyography (EMG), electroencephalography (EEG), blood volume pulse (BVP), and stateanxiety. Photo Impact 5.0 was used to simulate the environment in an office, where six conditions were examined: 1) window with a view of a city, 2) window with a view of a city and indoor plants, 3) window with a view of nature, 4) window with a view of nature and indoor plants, 5) office without a window view, and 6) office without a window view and indoor plants. Participants were less nervous or anxious when watching a view of nature and/or when indoor plants were present. When neither the window view nor the indoor plants were shown, participants suffered the highest degree of tension and anxiety.

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Jane Dyrhauge Thomsen, Hans K.H. Sønderstrup-Andersen, and Renate Müller

plants on a wide range of factors such as productivity, stress, and discomfort symptoms; mood and emotions; job satisfaction; and attitudes toward the workplace, as reviewed in the following four paragraphs. Productivity One of the most investigated

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Tina Bringslimark, Terry Hartig, and Grete Grindal Patil

have investigated attitudes toward plants in the workplace ( Shoemaker et al., 1992 ), and the effects of indoor plants on health and discomfort symptoms related to the sick building syndrome ( Fjeld, 2000 ; Fjeld et al., 1998 , 1999 ). With the

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Caroline H. Pearson-Mims and Virginia I. Lohr

Interiorscaping has been prevalent in office environments in the United States since the 1960s. Historically, proponents of interior plantings have cited numerous benefits, including improved employee morale, increased productivity, and reduced absenteeism when plants are added to the workplace, despite little scientific research to support these claims. Contemporary research is beginning to document some of these purported benefits of interior plantings on human comfort, well-being, and productivity. If researchers continue to provide concrete evidence that interaction with plants is directly linked to improved human health and well-being, this information will provide further justification for the use of interior plants in a variety of indoor work settings. With an ever-increasing emphasis by business managers on minimizing costs, it is important for industry professionals to provide quantifiable justification for the inclusion of plants in modern work environments.

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Filippo Sgroi, Enrica Donia, Mário Franco, and Angelo Marcello Mineo

only been measured through indicators connected to business without considering other important dimensions, such as the environment, workplace, and local community. Becchetti et al. (2014) emphasize that companies traditionally oriented to profit

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Masahiro Toyoda, Yuko Yokota, Marni Barnes, and Midori Kaneko

; Lohr et al., 1996 ; Matsumoto and Genjo, 2012 ), task performance ( Shibata and Suzuki, 2001 , 2002 , 2004 ), attention capacity ( Raanaas et al., 2011 ), and workplace satisfaction ( Nieuwenhuis et al., 2014 ). In addition to looking at different

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Amy L. McFarland

-type environment both increased productivity and decreased stress. Finally, Chang and Chen (2005) conducted a study measuring psychophysicological responses to window views and indoor plants in the workplace. Their findings indicated that participants were less

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Candice A. Shoemaker, Kim Randall, P. Diane Relf, and E. Scott Geller

The effects of plants in the workplace on the opinions and attitudes of workers was assessed. Attitudes of employees regarding plants were favorable, and most surveyed agreed that plants in the office made it a more desirable place to work. Office workers were aware of the benefits, such as improving air quality, that plants provide. No behavioral changes in response to the addition of plants to the office environment were demonstrated. There were no significant differences between gender, position in the corporation, and age regarding perceptions of plants in the office environment.

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Ricky M. Bates and David A. Baumbauer

Horticulture students often lack practical experience integrating information from diverse sources to solve complex real-life problems. Capstone courses seek to remedy this by giving students an opportunity to demonstrate a range of workplace skills such as teamwork, effective communication, and critical thinking. Sponsored competitions provide educators with an active-learning framework into which the goals of a capstone course can be developed. The Greenhouse of the Future competition allowed undergraduate students to conceptualize, develop, and prototype innovative greenhouse designs in a national competition venue. This article explains the guidelines of the Greenhouse of the Future competition and discusses how the competition was integrated into the capstone course Greenhouse Management.